During the night of July 16/17, 1918, Czar Nicholas II, his wife Alexandria, and their five children were taken to the cellar and shot and bayoneted to death by Bolsheviks. Although their deaths were reported, their bodies went missing for decades. By 1991, the remains of Czar Nicholas, his wife, and three of his children were found and exhumed for DNA testing. Since the bodies of two of the children were not found at the same location, many speculated that they might have survived.
However, in August 2007, the remains of two children were found in a field just outside the city where the czar and his family were held prisoner and later killed. Preliminary evidence now points to the children being the czar's son and one of his daughters, Alexei and Maria. If the preliminary evidence holds true, then the entire missing Romanov family has been found, ending all speculation that one or more of the children did not meet the same bloody fate.