1. Education

The Accused of the Nuremberg Trial

On October 18, 1945, the opening session of the Nuremberg Trial (also known as the International Military Tribunal) began and on November 20, the indictments were read. Though 24 men stood accused, only 21 were at the trial. (Robert Ley had committed suicide before the trial began; Gustav Krupp was considered too frail to stand trial; and Martin Bormann was missing but tried in absentia.)

Each of the accused were charged with one or more of the following:

Count I: Conspiracy to Wage Aggressive War
Count II: Crimes Against Peace
Count III: War Crimes
Count IV: Crimes Against Humanity

On October 1, 1946, the judgement was read: 12 of the defendants were sentenced to death, 3 sentenced to life imprisonment, 4 given prison sentences ranging from 10 to 20 years, and 3 were acquitted.

For more complete information of what and why particular defendants were accused, be sure to click on the links in the category "Found Guilty of Counts."

Name Position Found Guilty of Counts Sentenced Action Taken
Martin Bormann
(in absentia)
Deputy Führer III and IV Death Was missing at time of trial. Later it was discovered Bormann had died in 1945.
Karl Dönitz Supreme Commander of the Navy (1943) and German Chancellor II and III 10 Years in Prison Served time. Died in 1980.
Hans Frank Governor-General of Occupied Poland III and IV Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Wilhelm Frick Foreign Minister of the Interior II, III, and IV Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Hans Fritzsche Head of the Radio Division of the Propaganda Ministry Not Guilty Acquitted In 1947 sentenced to 9 years in work camp; released after 3 years. Died in 1953.
Walther Funk President of the Reichsbank (1939) II, III, and IV Life in Prison Early release in 1957. Died in 1960.
Hermann Göring Reich Marshal All Four Death Committed suicide on October 15, 1946 (three hours before he was to be executed).
Rudolf Hess Deputy to the Führer I and II Life in Prison Died in prison on August 17, 1987.
Alfred Jodl Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces All Four Death Hanged on October 16, 1946. In 1953, a German appeals court posthumously found Jodl not guilty of breaking international law.
Ernst Kaltenbrunner Chief of the Security Police, SD, and RSHA III and IV Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Wilhelm Keitel Chief of the High Command of the Armed Forces All Four Death Requested to be shot as a soldier. Request denied. Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Konstantin von Neurath Minister of Foreign Affairs and Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia All Four 15 Years in Prison Early release in 1954. Died in 1956.
Franz von Papen Chancellor (1932) Not Guilty Acquitted In 1949, a German court sentenced Papen to 8 years in work camp; time was considered already served. Died in 1969.
Erich Raeder Supreme Commander of the Navy (1928-1943) II, III, and IV Life in Prison Early release in 1955. Died in 1960.
Joachim von Ribbentrop Reich Foreign Minister All Four Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Alfred Rosenberg Party Philosopher and Reich Minister for the Eastern Occupied Area All Four Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Fritz Sauckel Plenipotentiary for Labor Allocation II and IV Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Hjalmar Schacht Minister of Economics and President of the Reichsbank (1933-1939) Not Guilty Acquitted Denazification court sentenced Schacht to 8 years in a work camp; released in 1948. Died in 1970.
Baldur von Schirach Führer of the Hitler Youth IV 20 Years in Prison Served his time. Died in 1974.
Arthur Seyss-Inquart Minister of the Interior and Reich Gouvernor of Austria II, III, and IV Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.
Albert Speer Minister of Armaments and War Production III and IV 20 Years in Prison Served his time. Died in 1981.
Julius Streicher Founder of Der Stürmer IV Death Hanged on October 16, 1946.

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