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Flossenbürg

  • May 3, 1938 established
  • near Floss and Namering, Germany
  • built near granite quarry
  • 65,000 prisoners throughout camp's history
  • 5,000 to 18,000 prisoners at any one time in the camp
  • Sub-camps
  • commandants
    • Jacob Weiseborn
    • Egon Zill
    • Max Koegel
    • Karl Künster
  • prisoners worked in granite quarry, armaments factories, aircraft factories
  • dead prisoners were cremated in a crematorium, but when that was overloaded, they were buried in mass pits
  • April 5, 1940 first transport of foreign (non-German) prisoners arrive
  • April 9, 1945 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, an anti-Nazi Protestant theologian, executed
  • April 9, 1945 Admiral Wilhelm Canaris executed
  • April 20, 1945 15,000 prisoners evacuated in a death march
  • April 23, 1945 Flossenbürg liberated by the American army; only 2,000 prisoners alive in the camp
All photographs courtesy of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum Photo Archives


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