1. Education

Adolf Hitler

(April 20, 1889 - April 30, 1945)

Early Life

  • April 20, 1889 Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria
  • Parents were Alois (1837-1903) and Klara (1860-1908) Hitler
  • Only one sibling survived childhood, Paula (1896-1960). Four siblings died in childhood: Gustav (1885-1887), Ida (1886-1888), Otto (1887), Edmund (1894-1900).
  • One step-brother, Alois (b. 1882) and one step-sister, Angela (1883-1949) both from father's previous marriage.
  • Known as "Adi" in youth
  • Hitler's ancestry
  • June 25, 1895 Hitler's father (Alois) retired
  • February 1900 brother (Edmund) died
  • September 1900 to 1904 student at the Linz Realschule
  • January 3, 1903 father died
  • September 14, 1903 half-sister (Angela) married Leo Raubal
  • 1904 to 1905 student at the Steyr Realschule
  • October 1907 took entrance exam for Vienna Academy of Fine Arts (rejected)
  • October 1908 applied to the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts for the second time (not even admitted to test)
  • December 21, 1908 Hitler's mother (Klara) dies of breast cancer
  • 1909 lives in Vienna at flophouses and hostels for four years
  • May 1913 leaves Vienna and moves to Munich, Germany

World War I

  • August 3, 1914 petitioned King Ludwig III of Bavaria for permission to join in a Bavarian regiment (granted)
  • December 1914 awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class
  • October 7, 1916 wounded in combat (grenade splinter in leg)
  • August 4, 1918 awarded the Iron Cross, First Class
  • October 13, 1918 temporary blindness caused by gas attack
  • While at the hospital recuperating his eyes, he heard the news about the end of the First World War.

End of WWI to 1933

  • Became a Bildungsoffizier (educational officer) for the German Army
  • September 1919 ordered to investigate the German Workers' Party (Deutscher Arbeiterpartei)
  • February 24, 1920 announced the Twenty-Five Points program
  • November 9, 1923 the Beer Hall Putsch (unsuccessful)
  • February 26, 1924 the beginning of the treason trial
  • April 1, 1924 sentenced to five years in prison (only served nine months)
  • Works on Mein Kampf while in prison
  • December 20, 1924 released from Landsberg Prison
  • February 25, 1932 granted German citizenship
  • Ran for President of Germany in the July 1932 elections (lost to von Hindenburg)

1933 to 1945

  • January 30, 1933 becomes Chancellor of Germany
  • February 28, 1933 a presidential decree gives him emergency powers
  • August 2, 1934 von Hindenburg died and the next day Hitler become the supreme leader of Germany by assuming both the powers of President and Chancellor (with the title of Führer)
  • September 7, 1937 declares the end of the Treaty of Versailles
  • November 8, 1939 assassination attempt against him at the Bürgerbräu Keller in Munich
  • April 29, 1945 writes his last will and political testament
  • April 30, 1945 commits suicide in the Berlin bunker

Adolf Hitler and Heinrich Himmler review SS troops during Reich Party Day ceremonies.
Hitler after addressing a SA rally.

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