1. Education

Your suggestion is on its way!

An email with a link to:


was emailed to:

Thanks for sharing About.com with others!

Major Events
The twentieth century is filled with events that shaped it, but there are a number of them that had an extreme influence.

Historic Maps
Historical maps from around the world.

The twentieth century was marked by events, inventions, and people. Browse this listing of some of the influential people who shaped the century.

A photograph is worth a thousand words - or so the saying goes. This collection of photographs will help you visualize the twentieth century.

Timelines of the 20th Century
These excellent timelines and chronologies provide succinct histories of the century.

This Day in History
Discover what happened today or any day in history through the plethora of today-in-history resources available online.

Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was constructed in 1961 to prevent East Germans from fleeing west. Just under three decades later, this icon of the Iron Curtain was dismantled and East and West Germany were reunified.

Winston Churchill
A leader, statesman, author, and orator, Sir Winston Churchill helped lead his country and the Allies to victory as the prime minister of Britain during World War II.

Cold War
At the end of World War II, a rivalry began between the United States and the Soviet Union called the Cold War. Learn more about the Cold War through these resources.

Communism was not just an idea during the twentieth century, it was a concept put in motion. The Cold War emerged as a challenge between the Soviet Union and the United States - between communism and democracy. The world was almost destroyed; people constantly lived under the threat of a nuclear war.

Crime & Disaster
Each century has some good and some bad things that happened during its 100 years. The crime and disasters are an important look at life during those times.

Cuban Missile Crisis
In October 1962, the Soviet Union began placing nuclear missiles in Cuba. The confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over these missiles was the closest the two countries came to starting a war.

Culture & Society
History is much more than just political events from the past. Some of the most influential ideas and people in history have been artists, entertainers, and athletes. They make people laugh and cry, both through the hard times and through the good times. In the twentieth century, they also helped shape culture and society.

Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley was known as The King for his popularity in Rock and Roll. Discover a bounty of information about the life and death of this amazing performer.

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected to office as president of the United States four times and led the country through the Great Depression and World War II.

Great Depression
A comprehensive overview of the Great Depression and its effects.

Adolf Hitler
A man many people consider the embodiment of evil, Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany, started World War II, and instigated the Holocaust.

The Holocaust
The Holocaust was one of the most horrific events of the twentieth century. Learn more through this extensive list of links.

Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein became president and dictator of Iraq in 1979. Find out more about this declared enemy of the United States and his rule over the Iraqi people.

John F. Kennedy - JFK
JFK was more than just the 35th president of the United States - he was a charismatic and popular leader. Find out more about this man through biographies, photographs, quotes, speeches, as well as information about his death.

Pearl Harbor
On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the United States into World War II. Learn more about the day that will live in infamy.

Russian Revolution
The Russian Revolution of 1917 ended the long reign of tsars in Russia and created the communistic Soviet Union.

Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the Soviet Union for nearly a quarter of a century. His rule is infamous for his use of police terror and the frequent mass murders of his own people.

U.S. History
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the United States was an isolationist country bent on keeping to itself; by the end of the twentieth century, the U.S. had grown into the major world power. The U.S.'s influence on these hundred years has caused many to call the twentieth century, "The American Century."

Vietnam War
The history of the conflict in Vietnam.

Wars & Battles
Never before had there been wars that encompassed the entire world. Wars during the twentieth century were momentous events that drastically changed peoples thoughts and lives.

Watergate Scandal
U.S. President Richard Nixon resigned due to the huge scandal caused by the break-in at the Watergate building.

World War I
The First World War, originally called the Great War, raged from 1914 to 1918.

World War II
A truly world war which lasted from 1939 to 1945. The countries of the world aligned with either the Axis powers or the Allies and battled in a total war.

Hank Aaron
Hammerin' Hank Aaron spent 23 seasons playing major league baseball and managed to beat Babe Ruth's home run record. Learn all about the man often considered one of the best baseball players in history.

Airplane Invented
The Wright brothers weren't the first to try to make men fly; it took inventors more than a century to do this. Learn about how the airplane was invented.

Aleksandra Fyodorovna Romanov
Alexandra loved her husband, the tsar, but helped bring imperial Russia to an end by her faith in Rasputin. Learn more about the last tsarina (empress) of Russia.

Aleutian Campaign
On June 3, 1942, the day after the Battle of Midway, the Japanese attacked the U.S.'s Aleutian Islands. For fifteen months, two of the islands were occupied by the Japanese. Find out more about the "Forgotten War" through the following resources.

Muhammad Ali - Cassius Clay
One of the world's best known athletes, Muhammad Ali is an Olympic gold medalist and a heavyweight boxing champion.

Idi Amin
Idi Amin, dictator of Uganda from 1971 to 1979, is notorious for being one of the bloodiest dictators of the 20th century. Idi Amin came to power on January 25, 1971, when he succeeded in a coup to take control of Uganda. He is responsible for the torture and murder of approximately 300,000 people.

Roald Amundsen
Roald Amundsen knew from a very young age that he wanted to be a polar explorer. Learn more about Amundsen as he prepared himself for such adventures as well as what it was like to be on them.

Seventeen year-old Anastasia was the youngest daughter of Russian Tsar Nicholas II. In 1918, she and her family were executed by the Bolsheviks following the October Revolution. For decades, many believed that Anastasia was still alive; DNA has since proved that she was indeed executed.

Susan B. Anthony
Learn about Susan B. Anthony, a pioneer of the women's suffrage movement, through biographies, her speeches, her trial, and much more.

Yasser Arafat (1929- )
Yasser Arafat has led the Palestinian people for decades in the effort to create an independent Palestine. Discover more about the leader of the PLO and of the Palestinians.

Armenian Genocide
During World War I, the Turkish government ordered the deportation of Turkish Armenians. More than one million Armenians perished. Learn more about this genocide through the following resources.

Neil Armstrong
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong took a step out of the Apollo 11 lunar craft onto the moon. This "giant leap for mankind" made Armstrong the first man to walk on the moon.

B-25 Mitchell
The B-25, a twin-engine medium bomber named after Brig. Gen. Billy Mitchell, was heavily used by the Allies during World War II. Though it was used for a variety of purposes throughout the war, the B-25 is best known for its role in the Doolittle Raid.

Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden is now being called a superterrorist - an elusive, wired, dangerous man who will stop at nothing and kill thousands. But what made him angry? Why does he hate the U.S.? These articles, interviews, and FAQs will try to help you understand the man behind the attacks.

Boeing B-17
First introduced by Boeing in 1941, the Flying Fortress became a legend during World War II for being able to take a beating and still make it home.

Boer War
The turn-of-the-century Boer War (also known as the South African War) was fought between the British and the Boer people in an unequal power struggle in South Africa.

Niels Bohr (1885-1962)
Physicist Niels Bohr is best known for his quantum investigation of atomic structure and also for his work on radiation. In 1922, Bohr was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics.

Bonnie and Clyde
Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, mostly commonly known just as Bonnie and Clyde, were a young couple who went on a two-year crime rampage that included bank robberies, car theft, and murder. Their lives and their crime spree ended abruptly when police succeeded in ambushing them; Bonnie and Clyde died in their car from multiple gunshot wounds on May 23, 1934.

Boxer Rebellion
The Boxers, a name foreigners gave to a secret Chinese society, attempted to drive all foreigners from China in 1900, resulting in the uprising known as the Boxer Rebellion.

Bristol Beaufighter
The most heavily armed Allied fighter of World War II, the Beaufighter was one of the finest multi-role combat aircraft to see service during that conflict.

George Bush
George Herbert Walker Bush served as vice president under Ronald Reagan and then served one term as the 41st president of the United States. As president, Bush led the allied attack against Iraq during the 1991 Persian Gulf War.

Al Capone
Al Capone was an infamous gangster who ruled Chicago's organized crime during the second half of the 1920s.

Jimmy Carter
Peanut farmer Jimmy Carter was elected president of the United States in 1976. He served a single term during a period of inflation, fuel problems, and a hostage situation. Learn more about this man who became one of the country's greatest diplomats following his presidency.

Fidel Castro
Through these resources, learn about Fidel Castro, the dictator of Cuba who transformed his country into the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere.

Marc Chagall
With floating figures and sketchy lines, Marc Chagall was a unique artist of the twentieth century.

Space Shuttle Challenger Tragedy
On January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger launched with seven crewmen, including one civilian teacher. With the world watching, the Challenger exploded a little over a minute into its flight.

Arthur Neville Chamberlain
Chamberlain served as prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1937 to 1940. Though criticized for his policy of appeasement toward Hitler, he nonetheless launched Britain into World War II.

Charlie Chaplin
Master of the silent screen, Charlie Chaplin was an actor, director, producer, and writer. Chaplin became a twentieth century icon with his character, the Little Tramp.

Cesar Chavez
Cesar Chavez was an organizer and leader of migrant American farm workers. Chavez founded the United Farm Workers of America (UFW), a union for farm workers.

On April 25-26, 1986 there was a nuclear meltdown at the nuclear power plant near Chernobyl, Ukraine. Thirty-two people died immediately and dozens more died of radiation sickness. Here are some resources to learn more about this terrible disaster.

Civil Rights
The twentieth century began with segregation. Learn about the people and events that ended segregation and enhanced peoples' civil rights.

Clinton Impeachment and Scandal
Articles of Impeachment were brought against President Clinton by the U.S. House of Representatives but he survived the vote in the Senate. Learn about the scandals of the Clinton presidency.

Bill Clinton
The 42nd President of the United States, William Jefferson Clinton, had an administration that spanned most of the 1990s and was wrought with scandal and impeachment as well as economic prosperity.

Communism, Socialism, & Marxism
Overviews of the political and economic systems of communism, socialism, and Marxism.

Calvin Coolidge
Calvin Coolidge, also known as Silent Cal, became the 30th President of the United States upon the death of Warren Harding in 1923. He subsequently ran for office and served a full term.

Marie Curie
In the early 20th century, Marie Curie was the world's most famous female scientist. She won two Nobel Prizes for her research of radiation.

Glenn Curtiss
Though he didn't make his first flight until his 30th birthday, Glenn Curtiss became a pioneer of naval aviation.

The Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, better known as D-Day, was a huge undertaking. Learn about the secrecy, the plan, and the invasion.

Personal Accounts of D-Day
Personal stories from the soldiers who participated in the Allied invasion of Normandy on June 6, 1944, better known as D-Day.

Charles de Gaulle
The leader of Free France during World War II, Charles de Gaulle became president of France following the war. Learn all about the 20th century hero of the French Republic.

Walt Disney
Much more than just the creator of Mickey Mouse, Walt Disney shaped the twentieth century by bringing joy to millions of people - young and old.

Amelia Earhart
A famous female aviator, Amelia Earhart was the first woman - and second person - to fly solo over the Atlantic. Unfortunately, Earhart disappeared in 1937 while trying to fly around the world.

Early Aviation Photographs
Photographs of the early flyers, gliders, airplanes, pilots, inventors, and crashes that collectively helped make man learn to fly.

Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison was one of the most famous inventors. Learn more about this scientist through biographies, lists of patents, photographs, timelines, and online tours.

Albert Einstein
One of the greatest and most famous scientists of the 20th century, Albert Einstein.

Dwight Eisenhower
President Dwight David Eisenhower was elected to two terms as President of the United States after having served as supreme Allied commander during World War II and commander of NATO following the war.

First Flight at Kitty Hawk
On that cold morning in Kitty Hawk on December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers flew the first controlled airplane.

Alexander Fleming
In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming found a mold had contaminated one of his experiments. To his surprise, the mold was an antibacterial agent that could kill many harmful bacteria. He named the active agent, penicillin.

Gerald Ford
Gerald R. Ford served as both Vice President and President of the United States, but was never elected to either office. Discover more about the man who served in the highest office of the land from 1974 to 1977.

Henry Ford
Though he didn't invent automobiles or factories, Henry Ford revolutionized automobile production and made cars available to the everyday person.

Anne Frank
A young girl who hid from the Nazis during the Holocaust, Anne Frank has touched many who have read her famous diary.

Sigmund Freud
Delve into the life of the founder of psychoanalysis. Explore his biography as well as his texts online.

Thousands of soldiers died during the Gallipoli Campaign of World War I in Turkey. For Australia and New Zealand, Anzac Day is a day to remember those who died at Gallipoli.

Mahatma Gandhi
The life and times of one of the greatest human rights leaders of the 20th century, Mohandas Gandhi.

Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev, the last president of the USSR and general secretary of the Communist Party, will be remembered for the change he brought to the Soviet Union. Discover more about this amazing leader and his efforts on behalf of peace.

Battle of Guadalcanal
On August 7, 1942, the U.S. started its first offensive attack against the Japanese during World War II on the island of Guadalcanal.

Warren Harding
Warren Harding was the first sitting senator elected President of the United States. He died while in office in 1923, leaving the most corrupt administration in American history.

Patty Hearst
On February 4, 1974, Patty Hearst, heiress to the Hearst newspaper fortune, was abducted by the Symbionese Liberation Army (SLA) and held captive in a closet. After mental, physical, and sexual abuse, Patty joined the SLA and shocked the country when she was found robbing a bank on April 15.

Michinomiya Hirohito, the longest reigning monarch in Japan's history, ruled as the emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989.

History Day
Begun in 1974, National History Day is a fun and interesting way to learn about history. Students from grades sixth through twelfth get to show off their historical knowledge once a year at the History Day contest.

Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover served as President of the United States for one term, from 1929 to 1933, during the early years of the Great Depression. Though he was not re-elected in 1932 - Franklin D. Roosevelt won the race - Hoover continued to serve the country for many years after he left the presidency.

Harry Houdini
One of the most famous magicians of all time, Harry Houdini wowed audiences by escaping from handcuffs, ropes, tanks of water, straightjackets and more.

Howard Hughes
Eccentric billionaire Howard Hughes was a major figure of the 20th century - he was a businessman, aviator, movie producer, developer, and much more. Discover all about Hughes' life and times.

Influenza Epidemic of 1918
The disasterous flu that killed more than 20 million in 1918.

Japanese-American Internment
After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Americans of Japanese ancestry were taken from their homes and placed in concentration camps. Learn more about this breach of constitutional rights.

Mae Carol Jemison
On September 12, 1992, Dr. Mae Carol Jemison launched into space aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavor, becoming the first woman of color in space.

Japanese Midget Subs
Discover the details of the elusive midget submarines that played a role in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Lyndon Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson, also known as LBJ, became the 36th president of the United States when John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. LBJ was elected as president in 1964 but decided not to run again in 1968.

Jonestown Massacre
On November 18, 1978 a shocking mass murder/suicide took place in Jonestown, Guyana that left 913 men, women, and children dead - most were followers of the cult leader, Jim Jones.

John F. Kennedy Assassination
At 12:30 p.m. on November 22, 1963, U.S. President John F. Kennedy was shot while riding in a motorcade through Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas. The news of JFK's death shocked the world.

Martin Luther King Jr.
A plethora of resources about Martin Luther King Jr., the black minister who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.

Korean War
The Korean War, 1950 to 1953, is well-covered on the Internet. This collection of resources will lead you to the best historical information, timelines, photographs, personal experiences, and veteran/POW/MIA information online.

General Curtis E. LeMay
An annovative tactician, General LeMay became the fifth chief of staff of the U.S. Air Force after having served during World War II as chief of staff of the Strategic Air Forces in the Pacific and organizing the successful Berlin Airlift.

V. I. Lenin
Vladimir Ilich Lenin was the founder of the Communist Party in Russia and the leader of the Russian Revolution.

Charles Lindbergh
Charles Lindbergh became a hero when he flew the first solo transatlantic flight in the Spirit of St. Louis. But with fame, came unexpected problems. Learn more about this man, his historic flight, and the accusations against him.

Much of Germany's early wartime success was due to the performance of the Luftwaffe. Learn more about one of the deadliest branches of Adolf Hitler's armed forces.

The history of and information about malaria.

Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela is an amazing man who spent 27 years in isolation as a prisoner and then when released became the president of South Africa.

Manhattan Project
The 1942 to 1945 U.S. research project, directed by General Leslie Groves, to create an atomic bomb.

Joseph McCarthy
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy held Congressional hearings in the early 1950s to eradicate suspected Communist infiltration of the U.S. government. His hearings were widely thought of as modern witch hunts.

William McKinley
President William McKinley served as President from 1896 until 1901, when he was assassinated by anarchist Leon Czolgosz in New York.

Medal of Honor
What are the qualifications to earn the Medal of Honor? Who has been awarded the Medal of Honor?

Claude Monet
Claude Monet, the leader of the Impressionist style, is famous for his series of paintings of one particular object under different light or viewpoints.

The Monkey Trial
In 1925, John Scopes, a high-school teacher, was arrested for teaching evolution and put on trial. Learn more about the highly publicized Monkey Trial which pitted Clarence Darrow against William Jennings Bryan.

Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe overcame her unhappy childhood - riddled with a mother locked in an asylum and herself in many foster homes - to become one of the sexiest stars ever to grace the screen. Marilyn's untimely death forever kept her young and cast her as a twentieth century icon.

Mother Teresa (1910-1997)
Often called a living saint, Mother Teresa cared for the destitute of India through her Order of the Missionaries of Charity. She was an inspiration to millions and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979.

Murder and Burial of the Romanovs
In 1918, the Romanov family was murdered for being royalty. Find out about their deaths and the DNA technology used to verify their bodies, allowing for proper burial eight decades later.

Audie Murphy
Audie Murphy was the most decorated U.S. soldier in World War II. Though he was only 21 years old at the end of the war, he had killed 240 German soldiers, been wounded three times, and had earned an amazing 33 awards and medals, including the Medal of Honor. After the war, Murphy appeared in more than 40 films, wrote poetry, and continued to suffer from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini, the fascist dictator of Italy for over twenty years, led his country into World War II. Near the end of the war, Mussolini and his mistress were executed by Italian partisans.

Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar Nicholas II served as the last emperor of Russia from 1895 to 1917. He, his wife, and their children were executed following the October Revolution.

Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, resigned from office in 1974 while faced with almost certain impeachment for his role in the Watergate Scandal.

Operation Torch
Under the command of General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Allies landed in North Africa in November 1942 to attack Rommel's German forces from the west.

J. Robert Oppenheimer
Julius Robert Oppenheimer was the director of the laboratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico for the Manhattan Project. Learn about the life and work of this amazing physicist.

Oprah Winfrey
Entertainer and media magnate Oprah Winfrey hosts one of the most popular talk shows on television. Learn more about the challenges and success of this amazing woman's life.

Paratroopers suffered enormous casualties during World War II. Read more about these heroic men who risked their lives to drop behind enemy lines.

Rosa Parks
By refusing to give up her seat on the Montgomery, Alabama bus on December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks ignited the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the U.S. Civil Rights Movement.

Persian Gulf War
The 1991 Persian Gulf War was a quick 42-day war between the United States and its allies against Iraq. The Gulf War began as Operation Desert Shield and became Operation Desert Storm.

World War II Personal Accounts
Voices from the past, describing the indescribable. A collection of personal accounts by people who experienced World War II.

Pablo Picasso
The first artist to have a mass following while he was still alive, Pablo Ruiz y Picasso had an immense impact on art in the 20th century.

Pilots of World War II
What was it like to fly during the war? Learn more about the pilots of WWII through these biographies and first hand accounts.

Planes of World War II
Airpower played a more significant role in World War II than in any previous military conflict. Find out more about the aircraft that changed the course of history.

Pol Pot
Pol Pot, leader of the Communist Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, was responsible for killing between one and two million of his own countrymen while trying to create a utopian agrarian society.

Rasputin, a Siberian peasant who claimed to have the power of healing and prediction, not only was able to help the tsar's hemophilic son, he was able to influence affairs of state by having the ear of Tsarina Aleksandra. Since Rasputin's influence over the royal couple was believed to be damaging to the Russian monarchy and to Russia, a group of aristocrats murdered Rasputin.

Ronald Reagan
The life and times of Ronald Wilson Reagan, the actor who became the 40th President of the United States.

Red Baron
Baron Manfred von Richthofen was an extremely successful fighter pilot during World War I. Credited with shooting down 80 enemy aircraft and preferring to fly a brightly painted red airplane, Richthofen became popularly known as the Red Baron.

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
The rugged, reliable Republic P-47 Thunderbolt made its debut in 1941 and soon became one of the AAF's favored fighter aircraft.

Sally Ride
On June 18, 1983, Sally Ride became the first American woman in space as a mission specialist on the space shuttle Challenger.

Leni Riefenstahl
Leni Riefenstahl was a famous artist who greatly influenced the art of film, but is best remembered for her Nazi past.

Erwin Rommel
Erwin Rommel, one of the most well-known German commanders of WWII, displayed his tactical genius while commanding the Afrika Korps, earning him the nickname, "the Desert Fox."

Eleanor Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt is one of the world's most admired women. She served as First Lady for twelve years and following President Franklin D. Roosevelt's death, worked as an international diplomat focusing on human rights.

Theodore Roosevelt
President Theodore Roosevelt was an amazing man - he was a writer, a naturalist, a politician, and a soldier. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 and is recognized for a plethora of international contributions.

Babe Ruth
Babe Ruth, the Sultan of Swat, was one of the most famous baseball players of the twentieth century.

Rwanda Genocide
In 1994, the Hutu majority in Rwanda organized and implemented the mass slaughter of the Tutsi minority. In just 100 days, 800,000 Tutsi were slaughtered. Find out how and why this genocide happened.

1906 San Francisco Earthquake
At 5:12 a.m. on April 18, 1906, a large earthquake hit San Francisco. Even greater than the damage caused directly by the earthquake, the city was ravaged by fire for four days. Learn more about the 1906 San Francisco earthquake through these great resources.

SBD Dauntless
A two-seated, carrier-borne dive-bomber heavily used by the U.S. in the Pacific Theater of the Second World War.

Alan Shepard (1923-1998)
Alan Shepard was the first American astronaut to travel in space and the first to golf on the surface of the moon. Learn about his first solo trip in 1961 and his subsequent landing on the moon in 1971.

Siege of Leningrad
Though living through brutal hunger and cold, the people of Leningrad held the Germans at bay during a 900-day siege.

Battle of Stalingrad
The siege and battle at Stalingrad was the furthest the Germans were able to push into the eastern front during World War II. Learn how the Russians turned away the Germans.

William Taft
William Howard Taft was the 27th president of the United States and the 10th chief justice of the Supreme Court. He is the only man to have held both offices.

Tammany Hall
Boss Tweed and his control of New York City's corrupt Tammany Hall is a fascinating look at political corruption in the 19th and 20th centuries.

From penicillin to the computer, inventions, discoveries, and technology made the world a much different place to live in from the year 1900 to the year 2000.

Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher was prime minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and was Europe's first female prime minister. She was also the first British prime minister in the 20th century to win three consecutive terms.

Jim Thorpe
Jim Thorpe was an amazing athlete who won both the decathlon and the pentathlon in the 1912 Olympic Games plus, later, became a pro football player. Thorpe was named ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Century.

On its maiden voyage from England to New York, the Titanic hit an iceberg and sank on the night of April 14, 1912, killing approximately 1,500 people. Learn more about this tragic event through overviews of the incident, information about the passengers, and attempts to discover and recover the lost ship.

Josip Tito (1892-1980)
Marshal Tito led Yugoslavia for almost four decades, from 1943 to 1980. Although Tito's Yugoslavia was a Communist state, he defied Stalin and the USSR's rule.

Leon Trotsky
Russian Communist Leon Trotsky led his comrades during the Russian Revolution of 1917 and later served as a leader of the Soviet Union under Lenin. After Lenin's death, Trotsky was exiled and later assassinated by an ax murderer.

Trotsky's Writings
Read the writings of Communist leader Leon Trotsky from the era before the Russian Revolution, during his time leading the Soviet Union, and during exile.

Harry Truman
Harry Truman became the 33rd president of the United States upon the death of Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1945. Truman served from the end of World War II to the beginning of the Korean War and made the historic decision to drop the atomic bomb on Japan.

USS Yorktown (CV-5)
The USS Yorktown played a significant role in the Battle of Midway. Learn more about its sinking in 1942 and what was found of the wreck in 1998.

Pancho Villa
Pancho Villa was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary but is best remembered as a Mexican folk hero.

Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson took the United States into battle during World War I; his idealism led to the founding of the League of Nations.

Wright Brothers
These two brothers made history on December 17, 1903 as they flew their flyer at Kitty Hawk. What made these men succeed where others had failed?

Chuck Yeager
While flying the X-1 over California on October 14, 1947, test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first man to break the sound barrier.

Mao Zedong
Chairman Mao Zedong ruled China from 1949 until his death in 1976. He was also the key founder of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Learn more about Chairman Mao - even read from his Red Book - through this collection of amazing online resources.

©2016 About.com. All rights reserved.