20th Century History: Most Popular Articles
A listing of 34 interesting facts about Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Through these Hitler Facts find out more about the man who many consider to have been one of the most evil people in the world.
You may already know that the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on the night of April 14, 1912 and sunk just over two-and-a-half hours later, but do you know the following ten facts about the Titanic?
The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism.
How many people were killed in the Holocaust? What does the word Shoah mean? What was the largest Nazi concentration camp? Learn the answers to these questions plus much more through these 33 Holocaust facts that everyone should know.
World War I (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more.
The Great Depression struck the United States with surprising force. It began on October 29, 1929 with the Stock Market Crash and only ended after over a decade of hardship and suffering. Learn more about what caused the Great Depression, what life was like during it, and how it ended.
A detailed history timeline of the 1960s, from 1960 to 1969.
On August 13, 1961, the East German government erected the Berlin Wall in order to keep its citizens from fleeing to the West. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall separated West from East and became a symbol of the Cold War. Learn more about the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall.
A detailed history timeline of the 1950s, from 1950 to 1959.
Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwanda genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead.
On August 6, 1945, the United States used its massive, atomic weapon against Hiroshima, Japan. This atomic bomb, the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT, flattened the city, killing tens of thousands of civilians. While Japan was still trying to comprehend this devastation three days later, the United States struck again, this time, on Nagasaki.
The Jonestown Massacre shocked the world. On November 18, 1978, Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, instructed his followers to commit revolutionary suicide. After an attack on a U.S. Congressman, the group drank poisoned punch. Learn more about Jim Jones, the Peoples Temple, and what drove these people to mass suicide at Jonestown.
Mahatma Gandhi is considered the father of the Indian independence movement. Gandhi spent twenty years in South Africa working to fight discrimination. It was there that he created his concept of satyagraha. While in India, Gandhi's obvious virtue, simplistic lifestyle, and minimal dress endeared him to the people. He spent his remaining years working diligently to both remove British rule from India as well as to better the lives of India's poorest classes.
Known as one of the most evil people in history, Adolf Hitler was responsible for World War II and the Holocaust. Learn more about Hitler through this biography.
A detailed history timeline of the 1980s, from 1980 to 1989.
The pact signed in 1939 by Germany and the Soviet Union that enabled a one-front war when Germany started World War II.
A detailed history timeline of the 1970s, from 1970 to 1979.
After a boom on the stock market that enticed many everyday people to invest their entire savings, the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929.
From August 15-18, 1969, 500,000 young people from across the United States converged on Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel, New York. They were there to listen to the best rock 'n roll of the time at the Woodstock Festival of 1969.
On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor. After just two hours of bombing, more than 2,400 Americans were dead, 21 ships had either been sunk or damaged, and more than 188 U.S. aircraft destroyed. Find out more about the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Prohibition was the period in United States history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors was outlawed. It was a time characterized by speakeasies, glamour, and gangsters and a period of time in which even the average citizen broke the law.
Who Was Charles Manson? Charles Manson is a convicted serial killer who has become an icon of evil. In
World War I (WWI) was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this WWI timeline.
A detailed history timeline of the 1990s, from 1990 to 1999.
The history of the swastika spans 3,000 years. Does this symbol represent good or evil?
A detailed history timeline of the roaring '20s, from 1920 to 1929.
In the 1920s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper.
A detailed history timeline of the 1930s, from 1930 to 1939.
At 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, a shot rang out. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who had been standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN, now lay sprawled on the balcony's floor. What happened that evening?
Browse through this history timeline of the 20th century to examine each decade within this amazing century.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more. Page 2.
Auschwitz, one of the five death camps constructed by the Nazis, was the most streamlined mass killing center ever created. At Auschwitz, 1.1 million people were murdered. Learn more about Auschwitz: where it was located, when it was established, selection, the gas chambers, life within the camp, medical experiments, liberation, and more.
Josef Mengele's favorite experiments at Auschwitz were on twins. What did he do and why?
Most people know that Albert Einstein was a famous scientist who came up with the formula E=mc2. But do you know these ten things about this genius?
The Vietnam War ended with the withdrawal of U.S. forces in 1973 and then the reunification of Vietnam in 1975. Page 2.
A detailed history timeline of the 1940s, from 1940 to 1949.
After years of dreaming about it and seven weeks of climbing, New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay reached the top of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953.
A huge collection of pictures of the Holocaust, including pictures of the concentration camps, death camps, prisoners, children, ghettos, displaced persons, Einsatzgruppen (mobile killing squads), Hitler, and other Nazi officials.
A detailed history timeline of the first decade of the twentieth century, from 1900 to 1909.
African-American men and women have made great contributions to American society throughout the 20th century. In this article, you will find a listing of 100 African Americans who truly achieved greatness by either advancing civil rights or making major impacts in science, government, sports, or entertainment.
A list of the U.S. presidents, in order of entering office.
On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill spoke at a small college in Fulton, Missouri. This famous speech, officially called The Sinews of Peace but more commonly called the Iron Curtain speech, described the split of Europe into democratic and Communist spheres.
An collection of biographies of some of the most famous and important people that shaped the 20th century.
A wonderful timeline of the history of the Vietnam War.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more. Page 3.
World War 1 was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this World War 1 timeline.
A Holocaust map of Eastern Europe showing the locations of Nazi death and concentration camps.
Whether you are just beginning to learn about the Holocaust or you are looking for more in-depth stories about the subject, this page is for you. You will find basics such as a timeline, a glossary, a map, and pictures plus more in-depth articles on such topics as the yellow star, ghettos, camps, resistance, and much more.
No one wanted war. Yet, when Germany attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, other European countries felt they had to act. The result was six long years of World War II. Learn more about what led to Germany's aggression and how other countries reacted.
On the night of April 14, 1912, the luxurious ocean liner Titanic hit an iceberg. Just over two hours later, the Titanic sank, losing 1,517 lives. Find out the full story of the sinking of the Titanic.
On May 7, 1915, the British passenger ship, the Lusitania, was sunk by a German U-boat. The high death toll shocked the world and the loss of American citizens swayed public opinion in the United States in favor of joining World War I.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more. Page 4.
From 1932 to 1934, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, mostly commonly known just as Bonnie and Clyde, were a young couple who went on a two-year crime rampage that included bank robberies, car theft, and murder. Their lives and their crime spree ended abruptly when police succeeded in ambushing them; Bonnie and Clyde died in their car from multiple gunshot wounds on May 23, 1934.
On August 13, 1961, the East German government erected the Berlin Wall in order to keep its citizens from fleeing to the West. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall separated West from East and became a symbol of the Cold War. Learn more about the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall. Page 2.
World War 2 (WW2) was a long and bloody war that lasted for six years. Officially beginning on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland, World War 2 lasted until both the Germans and the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies in 1945. Find out what happened in this timeline of World War 2.
Finding out the basics facts about Pearl Harbor can often be troublesome. Hopefully you will find what you are looking for here for this collection of Pearl Harbor facts should prove both informational and interesting.
In World War I, many soldiers were forced to fight in trenches, with horrible conditions such as mud, water, blood, gore, rats, artillery, and more. Find out details about what life in the trenches was like and how trenches were constructed.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 changed not only the future of Russia but of the entire world. It toppled a monarchy and brought about the first communist country in the world. Follow the drama of both the February and October Revolutions.
After hearing about the fate of Benito Mussolini, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was determined not to be caught alive. With the Russians enclosing Berlin, Hitler killed himself on April 30, 1945 by swallowing cyanide and shooting himself in the head. Find out more about his underground bunker, his final days, and what happened after that fatal shot.
A large collection of pictures of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the very first man to walk on the moon. Learn more about the amazing Apollo 11 mission that sent the first man to the moon.
Josef Mengele's favorite experiments at Auschwitz were on twins. What did he do and why? Page 2.
The Versailles Treaty was the peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I. However, the conditions in the treaty were so punitive upon Germany that many believe the Versailles Treaty laid the groundwork for the eventual rise of Nazis in Germany and the eruption of World War II.
A large compilation of pictures from the Great Depression, including pictures of dust storms, farm foreclosures, migrant workers, women and children, unemployed, and breadlines and soup kitchens.
Muhammad Ali is one of the most famous boxers of all time. His conversion to Islam and draft evasion conviction surrounded him with controversy and even exile from boxing for three years. Despite the hiatus, his quick reflexes and strong punches helped Muhammad Ali become the first person in history to win the heavyweight champion title three times. After his retirement from boxing, Muhammad Ali has struggled with Parkinson's syndrome.
A large collection of pictures of Hitler, including pictures of Hitler giving the Nazi salute, as a soldier in World War I, official portraits, standing with other Nazi officials, wielding an axe, attending Nazi Party rallies, and much more.
The peace symbol, the circle with three lines within it, was originally designed in 1958 by British artist Gerald Holtom. Learn more about the history of the peace symbol.
A detailed history timeline of the 1910s, from 1910 to 1919.
Ever wondered how many stairs are in the Empire State Building? Or how many windows there are? Find out the answers to these questions plus learn a lot more interesting Empire State Building facts.
During the two years and one month that Anne Frank spent hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam during World War II, she kept a diary of her experiences. Discover more about Anne Frank in this profile of her life.
Follow the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917 as they unfolded in this timeline of the Russian Revolution.
In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming made a chance discovery. From a contaminated experiment, he found a powerful antibiotic, penicillin.
While the people of Japan tried to comprehend the devastation in Hiroshima, the United States was preparing a second bombing mission. This time, Nagasaki was the target. Page 2.
It was unbelievable -- someone stole the most famous painting in the world. Follow this two year long caper that shocked the world.
Al Capone was a notorious gangster who ran an organized crime syndicate in Chicago during the 1920s. Capone, who was both charming and charitable as well as powerful and vicious, became an iconic figure of the successful American gangster. Find out more about this fascinating man in this biography of Al Capone.
No one was prepared for the brutality that accompanied Stalin's first Five Year Plan, which began in 1928. In an attempt to reorganize industry and agriculture, Stalin's cruel tactics killed millions of his own people. Page 6.
Andy Warhol was one of the most important artists of pop art, which became extremely popular in the second half of the twentieth century. Though he is best remembered for his paintings of Campbell's soup cans, he also created hundreds of other works including commercial advertisements and films.
Malcolm X was a controversial figure during the Civil Rights era. While he advocated for black pride, he also believed in the inherent evil of the white man. Malcolm X didn't believe in integration, which was the goal of the mainstream Civil Rights Movement; instead, he advocated for a separate black community. Find out more about the life of Malcolm X, including how he transitioned from being a criminal in prison to a nationally recognized advocate for the black community.
Gandhi spent twenty years in South Africa against discrimination. It was there that Gandhi transformed from a shy and quiet man into a potent leader. Page 2.
Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Catholic order of nuns dedicated to helping the poor. Begun in Calcutta, India, the Missionaries of Charity grew to help the poor, the dying, orphans, lepers, and AIDS sufferers in over a hundred countries. Mother Teresa's selfless effort to help those in need has caused many to regard her as a model humanitarian. Learn more about this amazing woman through this biography of Mother Teresa.
Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who advocated for the poor and wanted agrarian reform. Though he was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary leader, many remember him as a folk hero.
Typhoid Mary had no idea that she was infected with the disease yet her work as a cook infected many. Find out all about Typhoid Mary and why authorities had a difficult time capturing Mary.
On September 30, 1955, movie star James Dean was driving his new Porsche 550 Spyder when he hit another car nearly head-on. James Dean, only 24-years-old, died in the crash.
A chart of death and concentration camps established by Nazis during World War II.
A timeline of the fateful first and last voyage of the RMS Titanic, including dates about the Titanic's construction and its sinking.
A profile of Saddam Hussein, the ruthless dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003.
In 1900, a group known as the Boxers murdered thousands of foreigners, especially missionaries, in an attempt to rid China of all foreign influence.
To save the monarchy, several members of the Russian aristocracy attempted to murder Rasputin. On the night of December 16-17, 1916, they tried to kill the holy man. The plan was simple. Yet on that fateful night, the conspirators found that Rasputin would be very difficult to kill.
On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world's first successful test-tube baby was born. Though the technology that made her conception possible was heralded as a triumph, it also caused many to consider the possibilities of future ill-use.
Bonnie Parker wrote two poems while she and Clyde Barrow were on the run from the law. This poem, the Story of Bonnie and Clyde, was the second of the two. It was written by Bonnie while she and Clyde were running from the law. Bonnie gave a copy of the poem to her mother just weeks before she and Clyde were gunned down.
On July 17, 1955, Disneyland opened. Children and adults alike were able to enter the magical land and leave their problems behind while they enjoyed rides and shows in Adventureland, Fantasyland, Frontierland, and Tomorrowland.
After a boom on the stock market that enticed many everyday people to invest their entire savings, the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929. Page 2.
The very first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, was opened just weeks after Adolf Hitler become chancellor of Germany in 1933. Find out why the Dachau Concentration Camp was built and what made it unique.
In November 1922, Howard Carter discovered not just an unknown ancient Egyptian tomb, but one that had lain nearly undisturbed for over 3,000 years. What lay within King Tut's tomb astounded the world.
You have read her diary and you know her story. But do you know these five things about Anne Frank and her diary?
World War 1 (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths.
In 1915, Gandhi finally traveled back to India after having spent twenty years in South Africa. Although he was eager to fight discrimination, Gandhi spent his first year back traveling through India, learning about the people and their troubles. Page 3.
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, leader of the fascists, gained power during his March on Rome in 1922. His country had many years of peace until Mussolini's ego got the better of him, leading Mussolini to join forces with Hitler. After a number of defeats during World War II, Mussolini lost favor with his countrymen. Mussolini was executed by partisans in 1945.
In the 1920s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper. Page 2.
Historical Importance of Jim Jones: Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, was both charismatic
In 1959, Fidel Castro took control of Cuba by force and remained its dictatorial leader for nearly five decades. As the leader of the only communist country in the Western Hemisphere, Castro has been the focus of international controversy. Find out more about Castro in this biography.
On January 30, 1968, the Communist North Vietnamese troops and the Viet Cong staged a major offensive against the cities and towns of South Vietnam. The Tet Offensive, as this became known, was a major turning point in the Vietnam War.
At 9:02 a.m. on April 19, 1995, a large bomb decimated the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.
As a 26-year-old patent clerk, Albert Einstein revolutionized science in 1905 when he published five new theories, including the theory of relativity. Although it took several years for the scientific community to recognize Einstein's genius, he eventually became the most famous scientist of the twentieth century.
Did you know that Adolf Hitler had a sister named Paula? Or that Hitler had four other siblings that died in their youth? Take a close look at Hitler's family tree and find out all sorts of interesting tidbits.
On December 17, 1903, the Wright Brothers made the very first flight of an airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Find out more about the Wright Brothers, how they made the Flyer, and what happened on that historic day.
The Titanic, a huge ocean-liner that had sunk in 1912, had remained lost at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean for 73 years before ocean explorer Robert Ballard found it in 1985. Learn more about how Ballard found the elusive wreck of the Titanic.
Mikhail Gorbachev was the last General Secretary of the Soviet Union. He brought about massive economic, social, and political changes and helped bring an end to both the Soviet Union and the Cold War. Learn more about this amazing man through this biography.
When the Empire State Building opened on May 1, 1931, it was the tallest building in the world. How did this gigantic icon get built? It started with a race to the sky.
Auschwitz, one of the five death camps constructed by the Nazis, was the most stream-lined mass killing center ever created. At Auschwitz, 1.1 million people were murdered. Learn more about Auschwitz: where it was located, when it was established, selection, the gas chambers, life within the camp, medical experiments, liberation, and more. Page 2.
After being found and captured in Argentina, Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann, known as the architect of the Final Solution, was put on trial in Israel in 1961. Eichmann was found guilty and sentenced to death. At midnight between May 31 and June 1, 1962, Eichmann was executed by hanging. Learn more about the capture of Eichmann and the Eichmann Trial.
Elvis Presley was both a music legend and a movie star. He had charisma, looked sexy, and always had a sense of humor. Elvis wowed his audiences and ultimately became an icon of the 20th century. Learn more about this amazingly talented man through this biography of Elvis Presley.
On December 1, 1913, Henry Ford introduced the first automobile assembly line at his Highland Park plant in Michigan. The assembly line significantly shortened the production process, thus enabling Ford to make his Model T cheap enough to become the car for the masses.
The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. Here is the complete text of the 18th Amendment.
In three waves, the Spanish flu spread quickly, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people around the world.
A chart showing the number of Jews who died in each country during the Holocaust
On April 9, 1942, the Battle of Bataan ended with the surrender of 72,000 American and Filipino soldiers to the Japanese. The attempt to transfer these POWs resulted in the bloody Bataan Death March. Learn more about the Bataan Death March.
A biography of Sir Winston Churchill, two-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and the inspirational leader of his nation during World War II.
After 1500 years with no Olympics, the modern Olympic Games were established. Learn how and why the Games began again.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt led the United States during both the Great Depression and World War II. Paralyzed from the waist down after suffering a bout of polio, Roosevelt overcame his disability and was elected President of the United States an unprecedented four times.
Most codes during WWII were broken; yet the Navajo Code Talkers confounded the enemy by talking in a seemingly unbreakable code.
On the morning of St. Valentine's Day in 1929, seven men were gunned down in cold blood in a garage in Chicago. The massacre, orchestrated by Al Capone, shocked the nation by its brutality and made Capone a national celebrity.
Just after midnight on June 5, 1968, Palestinian-born Sirhan Sirhan shot presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California. Find out what happened that night.
According to the legend, a curse befell the large, blue diamond when it was stolen from an idol in India - a curse that foretold bad luck and death not only for the owner of the diamond but for all who touched it. Is there really a curse? Where has the Hope diamond been? Why was such a valuable gem donated to the Smithsonian?
The 1917 Balfour Declaration declared that the British favored a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
In 1994, the Rwanda Genocide resulted in the deaths of 800,000 Tutsi and Hutu sympathizers. Learn more about the genocide by browsing this Rwanda Genocide timeline, which shows the history of Rwanda from its first European colonization to the end of the genocide.
Unaware that World War II had ended, Lt. Hiroo Onoda of the Japanese army spent 30 years hiding on the remote Philippine island of Lubang. After years of living in a jungle surviving on coconuts and bananas, Onoda finally surrendered in 1974.
The Munich Massacre was a terrorist attack during the 1972 Olympic Games. Eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team and then took nine others hostage. The situation was ended by a huge gunfight that left five of the terrorists and all of the nine hostages dead.
From 1975 to 1979, Pol Pot, as the leader of the Khmer Rouge, was the dictator of Cambodia. During these five years, Pol Pot attempted to transform Cambodia into an agrarian utopia; however, in attempting to do this, Pol Pot was responsible for creating the Cambodian Genocide, which saw the deaths of an estimated 1.5 million people.
Since Oreo cookies debuted in 1912, over 362 billion have been sold, making them the best-selling cookie in the United States.
On April 26th, 1986, reactor four at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded, releasing massive amounts of radiation into the environment. The Chernobyl nuclear disaster killed 31 people shortly after the explosion and thousands more have, or are expected to, died from the long-term effects of radiation.
On June 25, 1951, CBS broadcast the very first commercial color TV program. The problem, however, was that nearly no one could watch it on their black-and-white televisions. Find out more about the first color TV program.
A large compilation of World War I pictures, including soldiers in combat, destruction, and injured soldiers.
Although Hitler attempted to take over Germany by a coup in 1923, he failed miserably. However, through crafty political maneuvering and a strong support of the populace, Adolf Hitler was able to come to power in Germany through legal means. On January 30, 1933, President Paul von Hindenberg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany.
A chronological list of the major wars and conflicts of the 20th century.
A large compilation of pictures of the Vietnam War, including combat action, life in the jungle, wounded, P.O.W.s, entertainers, tanks, helicopters, and ships.
On April 15, 1947, Jackie Robinson made history by becoming the very first African American to play in a Major League Baseball team. Find out more about Jackie Robinson, the man who broke the color barrier.
Marilyn Monroe captured the hearts of millions during her short life. Monroe started out a neglected and molested young girl named Norma Jeane Mortenson, but soon became a model, pinup girl, actress, and finally a major movie star. Find out more about the life and death of Marilyn Monroe.
Henry Ford became an icon of a self-made man. He began life as a farmer's son and quickly became rich and famous. Although an industrialist, Ford remembered the common man. He designed the Model T for the masses, installed a mechanized assembly line to make production cheaper and faster, and instituted the $5 per day pay rate for his workers. Learn more about this complicated man, from his birth to his death.
Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq from 1979 until 2003, has gained domestic and international notoriety for torturing and murdering thousands of his own people. These are five of Saddam Hussein's most heinous crimes.
Nicholas II was the last czar of Russia. Thrust into the position of czar with no real training, Nicholas made mistake after mistake. Nicholas' inflexibility and seeming disinterest in his own people, pushed Russia into both a revolution and a civil war. In the end, Nicholas was forced to abdicate, ending the monarchy in Russia.
Walt Disney was a cartoonist, innovator, and an entrepreneur who created some of the most beloved characters of the 20th century, the world's first theme park, and one of the largest entertainment companies in the world.
Scientists had a profound impact on the 20th century. Their discoveries changed how we viewed both ourselves and our surroundings. Learn more about these famous scientists as well and their discoveries in this list of the ten most influential scientists of the 20th century.
Louis Armstrong raised himself above his poor beginnings to become a masterful trumpeter, who played a key role in the development of jazz music. Loved for his inventiveness, improvisation, and energetic style, Armstrong remains one of the most popular entertainers of the 20th century.
On Sunday, October 30, 1938, millions of radio listeners were shocked when radio news alerts announced the arrival of Martians. They panicked when they learned of the Martians' ferocious and seemingly unstoppable attack on Earth.
The fire at the Triangle Waist Company factory in New York City on March 25, 1911 killed 146 workers. The large number of deaths exposed the dangerous conditions in high-rise factories and prompted the creation of new building, fire, and safety codes around the United States.
Leon Trotsky was a Communist theorist, prolific writer, leader in the 1917 Russian Revolution, the people's commissar for foreign affairs under Lenin (1917-1918), and then head of the Red Army as the people's commissar of army and navy affairs (1918-1924). Exiled from the Soviet Union after losing a power struggle over Lenin's successor to Stalin, Trotsky was brutally assassinated in 1940.
Babe Ruth is often referred to as the greatest baseball player who ever lived. In 22 seasons, Babe Ruth hit a record 714 home runs. Many of Babe Ruth's numerous records for both pitching and hitting lasted for decades. Learn more about one of the most famous athletes of all time.
On April 19, 1993, after a 51-day siege, the ATF and the FBI attempted to force David Koresh and the other remaining Branch Davidians out of their Waco, Texas compound. However, when the cult members refused to leave the buildings after being tear gassed, the buildings went up in a blaze and all but nine died in the fire.