20th Century History: Most Popular Articles
The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism.
You may already know that the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on the night of April 14, 1912 and sunk just over two-and-a-half hours later, but do you know the following ten facts about the Titanic?
A listing of 34 interesting facts about Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Through these Hitler Facts find out more about the man who many consider to have been one of the most evil people in the world.
On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world's first successful test-tube baby was born. Though the technology that made her conception possible was heralded as a triumph, it also caused many to consider the possibilities of future ill-use.
World War I (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths.
How many people were killed in the Holocaust? What does the word Shoah mean? What was the largest Nazi concentration camp? Learn the answers to these questions plus much more through these 33 Holocaust facts that everyone should know.
After being found and captured in Argentina, Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann, known as the architect of the Final Solution, was put on trial in Israel in 1961. Eichmann was found guilty and sentenced to death. At midnight between May 31 and June 1, 1962, Eichmann was executed by hanging. Learn more about the capture of Eichmann and the Eichmann Trial.
The Jonestown Massacre shocked the world. On November 18, 1978, Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, instructed his followers to commit revolutionary suicide. After an attack on a U.S. Congressman, the group drank poisoned punch. Learn more about Jim Jones, the Peoples Temple, and what drove these people to mass suicide at Jonestown.
On August 6, 1945, the United States used its massive, atomic weapon against Hiroshima, Japan. This atomic bomb, the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT, flattened the city, killing tens of thousands of civilians. While Japan was still trying to comprehend this devastation three days later, the United States struck again, this time, on Nagasaki.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >NEWS FLASH: In
Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Indian independence movement, spent 20 years in South Africa working to fight discrimination and then returned to India.He spent his remaining years working diligently to both remove British rule from India as well as to better the lives of India's poorest classes.
The history of the swastika spans 3,000 years. Does this symbol represent good or evil?
Most people know that Albert Einstein was a famous scientist who came up with the formula E=mc2. But do you know these ten things about this genius?
Movie star James Dean was driving his new Porsche 550 Spyder when he hit another car nearly head-on, and died at age 24. A look at who he was.
From August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall separated communist East Berlin from West Berlin. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War. Learn more about the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall.
A detailed history timeline of the 1960s, from 1960 to 1969.
A large collection of pictures of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
The history and complete text of the 1917 Balfour Declaration, which declared that the British favored a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
The Great Depression struck the United States with surprising force. It began on October 29, 1929 with the Stock Market Crash and only ended after over a decade of hardship and suffering. Learn more about what caused the Great Depression, what life was like during it, and how it ended.
A detailed history timeline of the 1950s, from 1950 to 1959.
From August 15-18, 1969, 500,000 young people from across the US converged on Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel,NY for a concert that made history.
Links to biographies of some of the most famous and important people that shaped the 20th century. Page 2 of an alphabetical listing. (L to X)
African-American men and women have made great contributions to American society throughout the 20th century. In this article, you will find a listing of 100 African Americans who truly achieved greatness by either advancing civil rights or making major impacts in science, government, sports, or entertainment.
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the very first man to walk on the moon. Learn more about the amazing Apollo 11 mission that sent the first man to the moon.
Links to pictures of the Holocaust, including of concentration camps, ghettos,displaced persons,killing squads,Hitler, and other Nazi officials.
Josef Mengele's favorite experiments at Auschwitz were on twins. What did he do and why?
Prohibition was the period in United States history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors was outlawed. It was a time characterized by speakeasies, glamour, and gangsters and a period of time in which even the average citizen broke the law.
Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Catholic order of nuns dedicated to helping the poor. She was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. Page 1 of 2.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more.
World War 1 was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this World War 1 timeline.
World War I (WWI) was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this WWI timeline.
New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay reached the top of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953.
A detailed timeline of historical events in the 1980s, from 1980 to 1989.
The history of the death camp where the Nazis killed 1.1 million people - where it was located and when, gas chambers,medical experiments,liberation, etc.
From 1932 to 1934, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, mostly commonly known just as Bonnie and Clyde, were a young couple who went on a two-year crime rampage that included bank robberies, car theft, and murder. Their lives and their crime spree ended abruptly when police succeeded in ambushing them; Bonnie and Clyde died in their car from multiple gunshot wounds on May 23, 1934.
Known as one of the most evil people in history, Adolf Hitler was responsible for World War II and the Holocaust. Learn more about Hitler through this biography.
Browse through this history timeline of the 20th century to examine each decade within this amazing century.
A detailed history timeline of the 1970s, from 1970 to 1979.
In 1921, Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle was arrested and tried for the murder of a young starlet named Virginia Rappe. The public was against him but the jurors could find no evidence. Find out more about this Hollywood scandal.
A detailed history timeline of the 1990s, from 1990 to 1999.
Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwanda genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead.
A large collection of pictures of Hitler, including pictures of Hitler giving the Nazi salute, as a soldier in World War I, official portraits, standing with other Nazi officials, wielding an axe, attending Nazi Party rallies, and much more.
Ever wondered how many stairs are in the Empire State Building? Or how many windows there are? Find out the answers to these questions plus learn a lot more interesting Empire State Building facts.
At 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, a shot rang out. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who had been standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN, now lay sprawled on the balcony's floor. What happened that evening?
A Holocaust map of Eastern Europe showing the locations of Nazi death and concentration camps.
A detailed timeline of the major historical events in the 1930s, from 1930 to 1939.
Whether you are just beginning to learn about the Holocaust or you are looking for more in-depth stories about the subject, this page is for you. You will find basics such as a timeline, a glossary, a map, and pictures plus more in-depth articles on such topics as the yellow star, ghettos, camps, resistance, and much more.
A detailed history timeline of the first decade of the twentieth century, from 1900 to 1909.
A detailed history timeline of the roaring '20s, from 1920 to 1929.
Typhoid Mary had no idea that she was infected with the disease yet her work as a cook infected many. Find out all about Typhoid Mary and why authorities had a difficult time capturing Mary.
On May 7, 1915, the British passenger ship, the Lusitania, was sunk by a German U-boat. The high death toll shocked the world and the loss of American citizens swayed public opinion in the United States in favor of joining World War I.
In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming made a chance discovery. From a contaminated experiment, he found a powerful antibiotic, penicillin.
On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor. After just two hours of bombing, more than 2,400 Americans were dead, 21 ships had either been sunk or damaged, and more than 188 U.S. aircraft destroyed. Find out more about the attack on Pearl Harbor.
After a boom on the stock market that enticed many everyday people to invest their entire savings, the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929.
To save the monarchy, several members of the Russian aristocracy attempted to murder Rasputin. On the night of December 16-17, 1916, they tried to kill the holy man. The plan was simple. Yet on that fateful night, the conspirators found that Rasputin would be very difficult to kill.
In the 1920s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper.
No one wanted war. Yet, when Germany attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, other European countries felt they had to act. The result was six long years of World War II. Learn more about what led to Germany's aggression and how other countries reacted.
A detailed timeline of the major historical events of the 1940s, from 1940 to 1949.
A list of the U.S. presidents, starting with George Washington (1789-1797) and going chronologically.
World War 1 (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with some 10 million military deaths, little ground lost or won, fought mostly by soldiers in trenches.
Bonnie Parker wrote two poems while she and Clyde Barrow were on the run from the law. This poem, the Story of Bonnie and Clyde, was the second of the two. It was written by Bonnie while she and Clyde were running from the law. Bonnie gave a copy of the poem to her mother just weeks before she and Clyde were gunned down.
Al Capone was a notorious gangster who ran an organized crime syndicate in Chicago during the 1920s. Capone, who was both charming and charitable as well as powerful and vicious, became an iconic figure of the successful American gangster. Find out more about this fascinating man in this biography of Al Capone.
The final days of the German dictator in his underground bunker, leading up to his suicide on April 30 by swallowing cyanide and shooting himself in the head.
According to the legend, a curse befell the large, blue diamond when it was stolen from an idol in India - a curse that foretold bad luck and death not only for the owner of the diamond but for all who touched it. Is there really a curse? Where has the Hope diamond been? Why was such a valuable gem donated to the Smithsonian?
On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill spoke at a small college in Fulton, Missouri. This famous speech, officially called The Sinews of Peace but more commonly called the Iron Curtain speech, described the split of Europe into democratic and Communist spheres.
It was unbelievable -- someone stole the most famous painting in the world. Follow this two year long caper that shocked the world.
After 1500 years with no Olympics, the modern Olympic Games were established. Learn how and why the Games began again.
The Russian Revolution of 1917 changed not only the future of Russia but of the entire world. It toppled a monarchy and brought about the first communist country in the world. Follow the drama of both the February and October Revolutions.
In November 1922, Howard Carter discovered not just an unknown ancient Egyptian tomb, but one that had lain nearly undisturbed for over 3,000 years. What lay within King Tut's tomb astounded the world.
Details of the pact signed in 1939 between Hitler and Stalin that enabled a one-front war when Germany started World War II.
A profile of Saddam Hussein, the ruthless dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003.
A timeline from 1858 to 1982 that looks at the origins, major events, and aftermath of the Vietnam War.
Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq from 1979 until 2003, has gained domestic and international notoriety for torturing and murdering thousands of his own people. These are five of Saddam Hussein's most heinous crimes.
The Versailles Treaty was the peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I. However, the conditions in the treaty were so punitive upon Germany that many believe the Versailles Treaty laid the groundwork for the eventual rise of Nazis in Germany and the eruption of World War II.
The Munich Massacre was a terrorist attack during the 1972 Olympic Games. Eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team and then took nine others hostage. The situation was ended by a huge gunfight that left five of the terrorists and all of the nine hostages dead.
In three waves, the Spanish flu spread quickly, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people around the world.
Finding out the basics facts about Pearl Harbor can often be troublesome. Hopefully you will find what you are looking for here for this collection of Pearl Harbor facts should prove both informational and interesting.
Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who advocated for the poor and wanted agrarian reform. Though he was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary leader, many remember him as a folk hero.
Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, was both charismatic and disturbed. Jones had a vision for a better world and established the Peoples Temple to help make that happen. Unfortunately, his unstable personality eventually overcame him and he became responsible for the deaths of over 900 people.
A list of events in world history in the decade from 1910 to 1919.
The peace symbol, the circle with three lines within it, was originally designed in 1958 by British artist Gerald Holtom. Learn more about the history of the peace symbol.
In World War I, many soldiers were forced to fight in trenches, with horrible conditions such as mud, water, blood, gore, rats, artillery, and more. Find out details about what life in the trenches was like and how trenches were constructed.
On the night of April 14, 1912, the luxurious ocean liner Titanic hit an iceberg. Just over two hours later, the Titanic sank, losing 1,517 lives. Find out the full story of the sinking of the Titanic.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more. Page 2.
One of the most important artists of pop art, which became extremely popular in the second half of the twentieth century. Though he is best remembered for his paintings of Campbell's soup cans, he also created hundreds of other works including commercial advertisements and films.
Unaware that World War II had ended, Lt. Hiroo Onoda of the Japanese army spent 30 years hiding on remote Philippine island Lubang. Page 1 of 2.
Muhammad Ali is considered by many to be the greatest boxer of all time. Ali was the first to win the heavyweight champion title three times and is known for his witty phrases like 'Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee.' Learn more about the life of Muhammad Ali and his struggle with Parkinson's.
In 1900, a group known as the Boxers murdered thousands of foreigners, especially missionaries, in an attempt to rid China of all foreign influence.
A newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred Nobel which called him the merchant of death. Not wanting to go down in history with such a horrible epitaph, Nobel created a will that shocked his relatives but established the Nobel Prizes.
A chart showing the number of Jews who died in each country during the Holocaust
Mary Mallon was taken by force and against her will and was held without a trial. She had not broken any laws. So how could this happen? Page 2 of 3.
The Gypsies of Europe were registered, sterilized, ghettoized, and then deported to concentration and death camps by the Nazis. Approximately 250,000 to 500,000 Gypsies were murdered during the Holocaust - an event they call the Porajmos.
Since Oreo cookies debuted in 1912, over 362 billion have been sold, making them the best-selling cookie in the United States.
Picture of the entrance to the gas chamber in Auschwitz I.
King Edward was in love with Mrs. Wallis Simpson, not only an American, but also a married woman already once divorced. Yet, in order to marry the woman he loved, King Edward was willing to give up the British throne - and he did.
As a 26-year-old patent clerk, Albert Einstein revolutionized science in 1905 when he published five new theories, including the theory of relativity. Although it took several years for the scientific community to recognize Einstein's genius, he eventually became the most famous scientist of the twentieth century.
World War 2 (WW2) was a long and bloody war that lasted for six years. Officially beginning on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland, World War 2 lasted until both the Germans and the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies in 1945. Find out what happened in this timeline of World War 2.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more. Page 3.
On July 17, 1955, Disneyland opened. Children and adults alike were able to enter the magical land and leave their problems behind while they enjoyed rides and shows in Adventureland, Fantasyland, Frontierland, and Tomorrowland.
Scientists had a profound impact on the 20th century. Their discoveries changed how we viewed both ourselves and our surroundings. Learn more about these famous scientists as well and their discoveries in this list of the ten most influential scientists of the 20th century.
Follow the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917 as they unfolded in this timeline of the Russian Revolution.
A chronological list of the major wars and conflicts of the 20th century.
Did you know that Adolf Hitler had a sister named Paula? Or that Hitler had four other siblings that died in their youth? Take a close look at Hitler's family tree and find out all sorts of interesting tidbits.
A large compilation of World War I pictures, including soldiers in combat, destruction, and injured soldiers.
On June 25, 1951, CBS broadcast the very first commercial color TV program. The problem, however, was that nearly no one could watch it on their black-and-white televisions.
Picture of the entrance into Auschwitz, the sign that reads: Arbeit Macht Frei.
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more. Page 4.
You have read her diary and you know her story. But do you know these five things about Anne Frank and her diary?
Nobel Prize winners list chemistry physics physiology medicine peace literature economics
A chart of death and concentration camps established by Nazis during World War II.
When the Empire State Building opened on May 1, 1931, it was the tallest building in the world. How did this gigantic icon get built? It started with a race to the sky.
Links to a large compilation of pictures of dust storms, farm foreclosures, migrant workers, unemployed, breadlines, soup kitchens, etc.
From 1975 to 1979, Pol Pot, as the leader of the Khmer Rouge, was the dictator of Cambodia. During these five years, Pol Pot attempted to transform Cambodia into an agrarian utopia; however, in attempting to do this, Pol Pot was responsible for creating the Cambodian Genocide, which saw the deaths of an estimated 1.5 million people.
The very first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, was opened just weeks after Adolf Hitler become chancellor of Germany in 1933. Find out why the Dachau Concentration Camp was built and what made it unique.
Howard Hughes was a businessman, a movie producer, and an aviator; however, he is perhaps best remembered for spending his later years as an eccentric, reclusive billionaire.
How much does a ticket through the Channel Tunnel cost? How long are the tunnels? What does rabies have to do with the Channel Tunnel? Find out the answers to these questions and so many more in this list of interesting facts about the Channel Tunnel.
The history of the first issue of Playboy Magazine, which featured Marilyn Monroe.
Caught once again, Typhoid Mary Mallon was sent to the same isolated cottage. Her name has grown into a term disassociated from the person. Page 3 of 3.
After his death in 1953, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin's remains were embalmed and put on display next to Vladimir Lenin. Why did the Soviet government change their mind? What happened to Stalin's body after it was removed from Lenin's tomb?
On December 21, 1988, Pan Am Flight 103 exploded over Lockerbie, Scotland, killing all 259 people on board as well as 11 on the ground. Though it was almost immediately evident that a bomb had caused the disaster, it took more than eleven years to bring anyone to trial. What happened to the plane? Why would someone plant a bomb on Flight 103? Why did it take eleven years to have a trial?
Picture of the execution wall next to Block 11 in the Auschwitz I camp after liberation.
Bonnie Parker wrote two poems while she and Clyde Barrow were on the run from the law. This poem, the Story of Suicide Sal, was the first of the two. It was written by Bonnie while she was held in the Kaufman jail in spring 1932. The poem was published in newspapers after it was found during the raid on Bonnie and Clyde's hideout in Joplin, Missouri on April 13, 1933.
The Channel Tunnel, often called the Chunnel, is a railway tunnel that lies underneath the water of the English Channel and connects the island of Great Britain with mainland France. The Channel Tunnel, completed in 1994, is considered one of the most amazing engineering feats of the 20th century.
Though the concept of credit has existed longer even than money, it wasn't until 1950 that the modern credit card was invented.
During the night of December 2-3, 1984, a storage tank containing methyl isocyanate (MIC) at the Union Carbide pesticide plant leaked gas into the densely populated city of Bhopal, India. It was one of the worst industrial accidents in history.
A list of the U.S. Presidents from the youngest when they took office (number 1 was Theodore Roosevelt) to the oldest
On December 17, 1903, the Wright Brothers made the very first flight of an airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Find out more about the Wright Brothers, how they made the Flyer, and what happened on that historic day.
Picture of a door to a gas chamber in Auschwitz.: nazi war crimes auschwitz photos photos of the holocaust ushmm photo archives holocaust index
On board Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made history on April 12, 1961 when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth.
On October 30, 1938, millions of radio listeners were shocked to hear news of an attack by Martians - actually just Orson Welles' adaptation of a novel.
At 7:14 a.m. on June 30, 1908, a giant explosion shook central Siberia. The explosion caused a magnitude 5.0 earthquake and leveled 80 million trees.
Just after midnight on June 5, 1968, Palestinian-born Sirhan Sirhan shot presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California. Find out what happened that night.
During the two years and one month that Anne Frank spent hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam during World War II, she kept a diary of her experiences.
Rumors and theories about the identity and motive of the thief spread like wildfire, but two years went by with no word about the real Mona Lisa. Page 2.
The thief appeared in Italy two years after the theft. How and why did he really steal the Mona Lisa? Page 3.
For over half a century, the small, plastic bricks known as LEGO have sparked the imagination of children around the world. Discover the history of LEGO toys.
At the very beginning of the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, the Soviets successfully launched Sputnik 2 with Laika the dog on board. Laika became the very first living creature to enter orbit. Learn more about this cute, little dog's journey and how she paved the way for human space exploration.
On March 1, 1932, someone kidnapped and killed the 20-month-old son of Charles Lindbergh. The world was shocked that something so horrible could happen to one of the world's most popular people. The investigation lasted more than two years before someone was arrested. Find out more about the kidnapping and the arrest.
The Titanic, a huge ocean-liner that had sunk in 1912, remained lost at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean for 73 years. Robert Ballard found it in 1985.
On the morning of St. Valentine's Day in 1929, seven men were gunned down in cold blood in a garage in Chicago. The massacre, orchestrated by Al Capone, shocked the nation by its brutality and made Capone a national celebrity.
A large compilation of pictures of the Vietnam War, including combat action, life in the jungle, wounded, P.O.W.s, entertainers, tanks, helicopters, and ships.
Unaware that World War II had ended, Lt. Hiroo Onoda of the Japanese army spent 30 years hiding on the remote Philippine island of Lubang. After years of living in a jungle surviving on coconuts and bananas, Onoda finally surrendered in 1974. Page 2.
Pictures of the first Nazi concentration camp, built in 1933, called Dachau.
On the same morning that newspapers announced the United States' declaration of war in 1917, George M. Cohan wrote one of the most famous songs of World War I, called 'Over There.' Find the story behind the song as well as the lyrics to 'Over There.'
On December 1, 1913, Henry Ford introduced the first automobile assembly line at his Highland Park plant in Michigan. The assembly line significantly shortened the production process, thus enabling Ford to make his Model T cheap enough to become the car for the masses.
The life and careers of Sir Winston Churchill, two-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, inspirational leader of his nation during World War II. Page 1 of 2.
Picture of corpses of women piled up on the floor of Block 11.
At 9:49 a.m. on Saturday, July 28, 1945, a B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building. Find out why the bomber crashed and what happened to the Empire State Building.
In 1959, Fidel Castro took control of Cuba by force and remained its dictatorial leader for nearly five decades.
A collection of quotes by Winston Churchill, including some about success, self improvement, politics, World War II, funny ones, and a few about himself.