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20th Century History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
100 Famous African-American Men and Women of...
African-American men and women have made great contributions to American society throughout the 20th century. In this article, you will find a listing of 100 African Americans who truly achieved greatness by either advancing civil rights or making major impacts in science, government, sports, or entertainment.
33 Facts You Should Know About the Holocaust
How many people were killed in the Holocaust? What does the word Shoah mean? What was the largest Nazi concentration camp? Learn the answers to these questions plus much more through these 33 Holocaust facts that everyone should know.
10 Surprising Facts About the Titanic
You may already know that the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on the night of April 14, 1912 and sunk just over two-and-a-half hours later, but do you know the following ten facts about the Titanic?
34 Facts About Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler
A listing of 34 interesting facts about Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Through these Hitler Facts find out more about the man who many consider to have been one of the most evil people in the world.
1950s Events You Should Know About
A detailed history timeline of the 1950s, from 1950 to 1959.
The New, Modern Woman: The Flapper
In the 1920s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper.
The Sorrowful Story of The Jonestown Massacre
The Jonestown Massacre shocked the world. On November 18, 1978, Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, instructed his followers to commit revolutionary suicide. After an attack on a U.S. Congressman, the group drank poisoned punch. Learn more about Jim Jones, the Peoples Temple, and what drove these people to mass suicide at Jonestown.
The 1960s at a Glance
A detailed history timeline of the 1960s, from 1960 to 1969.
A Clear Timeline of WWI
World War I (WWI) was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this WWI timeline.
What Everyone Should Know About the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism.
Must Know Events that Occured in the 1920s
A detailed history timeline of the roaring '20s, from 1920 to 1929.
Know These Important Events from the 1980s
A detailed timeline of historical events in the 1980s, from 1980 to 1989.
1970s Events that You Need to Know
A detailed history timeline of the 1970s, from 1970 to 1979.
A Timeline of the 20th Century
Browse through this history timeline of the 20th century to examine each decade within this amazing century.
Why Did the United States Bomb Hiroshima and...
On August 6, 1945, the United States used its massive, atomic weapon against Hiroshima, Japan. This atomic bomb, the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT, flattened the city, killing tens of thousands of civilians. While Japan was still trying to comprehend this devastation three days later, the United States struck again, this time, on Nagasaki.
1930s Events You Should Know
A detailed timeline of the major historical events in the 1930s, from 1930 to 1939.
History Basics: What Everyone Should Know About...
World War I (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths.
1990s Events You Should Know About
A detailed history timeline of the 1990s, from 1990 to 1999.
Are We at Risk For Another Great Depression?
The Great Depression struck the United States with surprising force. It began on October 29, 1929 with the Stock Market Crash and only ended after over a decade of hardship and suffering. Learn more about what caused the Great Depression, what life was like during it, and how it ended.
What Caused the Stock Market Crash of 1929?
After a boom on the stock market that enticed many everyday people to invest their entire savings, the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929.
10 Things You Didn't Know About Albert Einstein
Most people know that Albert Einstein was a famous scientist who came up with the formula E=mc2. But do you know these ten things about this genius?
Muhammad Ali: Who Is This Famous Boxer?
Muhammad Ali is considered by many to be the greatest boxer of all time. Ali was the first to win the heavyweight champion title three times and is known for his witty phrases like 'Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee.' Learn more about the life of Muhammad Ali and his struggle with Parkinson's.
How Did Black History Month Originate?
Black History Month is a month set aside to learn, honor, and celebrate the achievements of black men and women throughout history. Since its inception, Black History Month has always been celebrated in February. Find out how Black History Month originated, why February was chosen, and what the annual theme for Black History Month is for this year.
Brief History of the 1940s
A detailed timeline of the major historical events of the 1940s, from 1940 to 1949.
1900s Events You Should Know About
A detailed history timeline of the first decade of the twentieth century, from 1900 to 1909.
A Complete List of All United States Presidents
A list of the U.S. presidents, starting with George Washington (1789-1797) and going chronologically.
What Is the History of the Swastika?
The history of the swastika spans 3,000 years. Does this symbol represent good or evil?
A History of Mengele's Gruesome Experiments on...
Josef Mengele's favorite experiments at Auschwitz were on twins. What did he do and why?
Must-Know Facts About the Japanese Attack on...
Finding out the basics facts about Pearl Harbor can often be troublesome. Hopefully you will find what you are looking for here for this collection of Pearl Harbor facts should prove both informational and interesting.
An A to Z List of the Most Famous People of the...
Links to biographies of some of the most famous and important people that shaped the 20th century. Page 2 of an alphabetical listing. (L to X)
All About the Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall
From August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall separated communist East Berlin from West Berlin. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War. Learn more about the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall.
Words to Start a War: Read Churchill's 'Iron...
On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill spoke at a small college in Fulton, Missouri. This famous speech, officially called The Sinews of Peace but more commonly called the Iron Curtain speech, described the split of Europe into democratic and Communist spheres.
A Short History of the Rwanda Genocide
Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwanda genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead.
How Was Penicillin Discovered?
In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming made a chance discovery. From a contaminated experiment, he found a powerful antibiotic, penicillin.
How Was King Tut's Tomb Discovered?
In November 1922, Howard Carter discovered not just an unknown ancient Egyptian tomb, but one that had lain nearly undisturbed for over 3,000 years. What lay within King Tut's tomb astounded the world.
20 Great Trivia Tidbits About the Academy Awards
The Oscars - Academy Awards Trivia and Fun Facts. Page 2.
Bonnie and Clyde's Fascinating Tale
From 1932 to 1934, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, mostly commonly known just as Bonnie and Clyde, were a young couple who went on a two-year crime rampage that included bank robberies, car theft, and murder. Their lives and their crime spree ended abruptly when police succeeded in ambushing them; Bonnie and Clyde died in their car from multiple gunshot wounds on May 23, 1934.
Find Out About the Life and Activism of Malcolm X
Malcolm X was a controversial figure during the Civil Rights era. While he advocated for black pride, he also believed in the inherent evil of the white man. Malcolm X didn't believe in integration, which was the goal of the mainstream Civil Rights Movement; instead, he advocated for a separate black community. Find out more about the life of Malcolm X, including how he transitioned from being a criminal in prison to a nationally recognized advocate for the black community.
Why Was There So Much Trench Warfare in World...
In World War I, many soldiers were forced to fight in trenches, with horrible conditions such as mud, water, blood, gore, rats, artillery, and more. Find out details about what life in the trenches was like and how trenches were constructed.
You Should Know About the 1939 Agreement...
Details of the pact signed in 1939 between Hitler and Stalin that enabled a one-front war when Germany started World War II.
A Timeline of the Russian Revolution's Major...
Follow the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917 as they unfolded in this timeline of the Russian Revolution.
The Truth About Martin Luther King, Jr.'s...
At 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, a shot rang out. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who had been standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN, now lay sprawled on the balcony's floor. What happened that evening?
A Closer Look at the Holocaust's Most Famous...
The history of the death camp where the Nazis killed 1.1 million people - where it was located and when, gas chambers,medical experiments,liberation, etc.
What Do You Know About Louis Armstrong?
The life of one of the century's most popular entertainers,who raised himself out of poverty to become a master trumpeter and key influence in jazz.
What Happened at the Groovy Woodstock Festival...
From August 15-18, 1969, 500,000 young people from across the US converged on Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel,NY for a concert that made history.
Who Murdered Rasputin?
To save the monarchy, several members of the Russian aristocracy attempted to murder Rasputin. On the night of December 16-17, 1916, they tried to kill the holy man. The plan was simple. Yet on that fateful night, the conspirators found that Rasputin would be very difficult to kill.
A Biography of Adolf Hitler
Known as one of the most evil people in history, Adolf Hitler was responsible for World War II and the Holocaust. Learn more about Hitler through this biography.
Check Out These Resources About the Holocaust
Whether you are just beginning to learn about the Holocaust or you are looking for more in-depth stories about the subject, this page is for you. You will find basics such as a timeline, a glossary, a map, and pictures plus more in-depth articles on such topics as the yellow star, ghettos, camps, resistance, and much more.
What Happened During the 1917 Russian...
The Russian Revolution of 1917 changed not only the future of Russia but of the entire world. It toppled a monarchy and brought about the first communist country in the world. Follow the drama of both the February and October Revolutions.
Who Were the First People to Reach the Top of...
New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay reached the top of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953.
Where Were Nazi Concentration Camps Located?
A Holocaust map of Eastern Europe showing the locations of Nazi death and concentration camps.
The Sad Story of a Woman Responsible for...
Typhoid Mary had no idea that she was infected with the disease yet her work as a cook infected many. Find out all about Typhoid Mary and why authorities had a difficult time capturing Mary.
All You Need to Know About the Prohibition
Prohibition was the period in United States history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors was outlawed. It was a time characterized by speakeasies, glamour, and gangsters and a period of time in which even the average citizen broke the law.
Who Was Gandhi, and How Did He Change History?
Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Indian independence movement, spent 20 years in South Africa working to fight discrimination and then returned to India.He spent his remaining years working diligently to both remove British rule from India as well as to better the lives of India's poorest classes.
Visual Guide to the Great Depression
Links to a large compilation of pictures of dust storms, farm foreclosures, migrant workers, unemployed, breadlines, soup kitchens, etc.
A Profile of Convicted Serial Killer Charles...
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Who Was Booker T. Washington?
Booker T. Washington was born a slave and yet managed, through education and hard work, to become one of the most well-known African Americans of his time. After founding the Tuskegee Institute in 1881, Washington became really famous after his Atlanta Compromise Speech in 1895, in which he proposed that education, and not legislation, would bring equality between whites and blacks.
What Happened in the 1910s?
A list of events in world history in the decade from 1910 to 1919.
What Happened the Day Rosa Parks Refused to...
Rosa Parks was on her way home from work on December 1, 1955 when the bus driver asked her to give up her seat for a new white passenger. Rosa Parks refused. Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and is considered the beginning of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
What You Should Know About the Attack on Pearl...
On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor. After just two hours of bombing, more than 2,400 Americans were dead, 21 ships had either been sunk or damaged, and more than 188 U.S. aircraft destroyed. Find out more about the attack on Pearl Harbor.
A Profile of Mother Teresa, the Saint of the...
Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Catholic order of nuns dedicated to helping the poor. She was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. Page 1 of 2.
How Did Jackie Robinson Make History?
On April 15, 1947, Jackie Robinson made history by becoming the very first African American to play in a Major League Baseball team. Find out more about Jackie Robinson, the man who broke the color barrier.
Navajo Code Talkers
Most codes during WWII were broken; yet the Navajo Code Talkers confounded the enemy by talking in a seemingly unbreakable code.
Albert Einstein: The Scientific Genius Who...
As a 26-year-old patent clerk, Albert Einstein revolutionized science in 1905 when he published five new theories, including the theory of relativity. Although it took several years for the scientific community to recognize Einstein's genius, he eventually became the most famous scientist of the twentieth century.
How Did Maya Angelou Go From Prostitute to...
Author and poet Maya Angelou overcame great hardship in her youth, including being raped at age 7 1/2, to become a leading female figure of the 20th century. Learn more about this amazing woman and how she went from prostitute to acclaimed author.
All About the 18th Amendment
The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. Here is the complete text of the 18th Amendment.
A Timeline of All You Need to Know about World...
World War II (WWII) was a long and bloody war that lasted for six years. Officially beginning on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland, World War II lasted until both the Germans and the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies in 1945. Find out what happened in this timeline of World War II.
16 Cool Facts About the Empire State Building
Ever wondered how many stairs are in the Empire State Building? Or how many windows there are? Find out the answers to these questions plus learn a lot more interesting Empire State Building facts.
What Happened When the Titanic Sank?
On the night of April 14, 1912, the luxurious ocean liner Titanic hit an iceberg. Just over two hours later, the Titanic sank, losing 1,517 lives. Find out the full story of the sinking of the Titanic.
How Did Stalin Build His Cult of Personality?
No one was prepared for the brutality that accompanied Stalin's first Five Year Plan, which began in 1928. In an attempt to reorganize industry and agriculture, Stalin's cruel tactics killed millions of his own people. Page 6.
How Henry Ford's Assembly Line Changed...
On December 1, 1913, Henry Ford introduced the first automobile assembly line at his Highland Park plant in Michigan. The assembly line significantly shortened the production process, thus enabling Ford to make his Model T cheap enough to become the car for the masses.
See Images of Adolf Hitler, History's Monster
A large collection of pictures of Hitler, including pictures of Hitler giving the Nazi salute, as a soldier in World War I, official portraits, standing with other Nazi officials, wielding an axe, attending Nazi Party rallies, and much more.
From Peasant to Revolutionary, the Life of...
Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who advocated for the poor and wanted agrarian reform. Though he was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary leader, many remember him as a folk hero.
Columbine Massacre
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more.
How Did World War II Begin?
No one wanted war. Yet, when Germany attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, other European countries felt they had to act. The result was six long years of World War II. Learn more about what led to Germany's aggression and how other countries reacted.
What You Need to Know About the Treaty That...
The Versailles Treaty was the peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I. However, the conditions in the treaty were so punitive upon Germany that many believe the Versailles Treaty laid the groundwork for the eventual rise of Nazis in Germany and the eruption of World War II.
Why Was The Sinking of The Lusitania Important?
On May 7, 1915, the British passenger ship, the Lusitania, was sunk by a German U-boat. The high death toll shocked the world and the loss of American citizens swayed public opinion in the United States in favor of joining World War I.
A Timeline of the Most Important Events of the...
A timeline from 1858 to 1982 that looks at the origins, major events, and aftermath of the Vietnam War.
What Happened During the Boxer Rebellion?
In 1900, a group known as the Boxers murdered thousands of foreigners, especially missionaries, in an attempt to rid China of all foreign influence.
Read Bonnie Parker's Poem 'The Story of Bonnie...
Bonnie Parker wrote two poems while she and Clyde Barrow were on the run from the law. This poem, the Story of Bonnie and Clyde, was the second of the two. It was written by Bonnie while she and Clyde were running from the law. Bonnie gave a copy of the poem to her mother just weeks before she and Clyde were gunned down.
The Life and Crimes of Al Capone, Iconic...
Al Capone was a notorious gangster who ran an organized crime syndicate in Chicago during the 1920s. Capone, who was both charming and charitable as well as powerful and vicious, became an iconic figure of the successful American gangster. Find out more about this fascinating man in this biography of Al Capone.
A Profile of Supreme Court Justice Thurgood...
The life of the first African-American justice of the U.S.Supreme Court. As an attorney, he had successfully argued landmark civil rights cases for the NAACP
How Many of These 100 Famous Women Do You Know?
Some of the names on this list may sound familiar, others may not; however, each one of these women had an impact on the 20th century. Browse through this list and discover the fascinating stories of these 100 famous women.
Why Did the St. Valentines Day Massacre Occur?
On the morning of St. Valentine's Day in 1929, seven men were gunned down in cold blood in a garage in Chicago. The massacre, orchestrated by Al Capone, shocked the nation by its brutality and made Capone a national celebrity.
What Is the Balfour Declaration?
The history and complete text of the 1917 Balfour Declaration, which declared that the British favored a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
Is the Hope Diamond Really Cursed?
According to the legend, a curse befell the large, blue diamond when it was stolen from an idol in India - a curse that foretold bad luck and death not only for the owner of the diamond but for all who touched it. Is there really a curse? Where has the Hope diamond been? Why was such a valuable gem donated to the Smithsonian?
Learn About the 1918 Pandemic That Killed...
In three waves, the Spanish flu spread quickly, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people around the world.
What Was the Fatty Arbuckle Scandal?
In 1921, Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle was arrested and tried for the murder of a young starlet named Virginia Rappe. The public was against him but the jurors could find no evidence. Find out more about this Hollywood scandal.
A Timeline of the Genocide in Rwanda
In 1994, the Rwanda Genocide resulted in the deaths of 800,000 Tutsi and Hutu sympathizers. Learn more about the genocide by browsing this Rwanda Genocide timeline, which shows the history of Rwanda from its first European colonization to the end of the genocide.
What was the Bataan Death March in World War II?
The forced march of American and Filipino prisoners of war by the Japanese starting on April 9, 1942 resulted in as many as 10,000 deaths.
A Profile of the Prince of Pop, Andy Warhol
One of the most important artists of pop art, which became extremely popular in the second half of the twentieth century. Though he is best remembered for his paintings of Campbell's soup cans, he also created hundreds of other works including commercial advertisements and films.
How Did the Oreo Get its Name?
Since Oreo cookies debuted in 1912, over 362 billion have been sold, making them the best-selling cookie in the United States.
Who Was the World's First Test-Tube Baby?
On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world's first successful test-tube baby was born. Though the technology that made her conception possible was heralded as a triumph, it also caused many to consider the possibilities of future ill-use.
5 Things You Probably Don't Know About Anne Frank
You have read her diary and you know her story. But do you know these five things about Anne Frank and her diary?
How Neil Armstrong Became the First Man on the...
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the very first man to walk on the moon. Learn more about the amazing Apollo 11 mission that sent the first man to the moon.
Eichmann Trial: The Trial That Taught the World...
After being found and captured in Argentina, Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann, known as the architect of the Final Solution, was put on trial in Israel in 1961. Eichmann was found guilty and sentenced to death. At midnight between May 31 and June 1, 1962, Eichmann was executed by hanging. Learn more about the capture of Eichmann and the Eichmann Trial.
What Happened During the Munich Massacre?
The Munich Massacre was a terrorist attack during the 1972 Olympic Games. Eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team and then took nine others hostage. The situation was ended by a huge gunfight that left five of the terrorists and all of the nine hostages dead.
The Fascinating History of Color TV That You...
On June 25, 1951, CBS broadcast the very first commercial color TV program. The problem, however, was that nearly no one could watch it on their black-and-white televisions.
How Did Walt Disney Get the Idea for Disneyland?
On July 17, 1955, Disneyland opened. Children and adults alike were able to enter the magical land and leave their problems behind while they enjoyed rides and shows in Adventureland, Fantasyland, Frontierland, and Tomorrowland.
A Timeline of the Titanic's First -- and Last...
A timeline of the fateful voyage of the RMS Titanic, including dates about the Titanic's construction and its sinking in 1912.
How Did Hitler Kill Himself?
The final days of the German dictator in his underground bunker, leading up to his suicide on April 30 by swallowing cyanide and shooting himself in the head.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., the leader of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement, introduced the concept of nonviolence into the fight for equal rights for African Americans. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott and then brought the struggle into the national arena.
Did You Used to Play with LEGOs?
For over half a century, the small, plastic bricks known as LEGO have sparked the imagination of children around the world. Discover the history of LEGO toys.
The Mona Lisa Was Stolen!
It was unbelievable -- someone stole the most famous painting in the world. Follow this two year long caper that shocked the world.
How Did the Olympic Games Evolve Over Time?
After 1500 years with no Olympics, the modern Olympic Games were established. Learn how and why the Games began again.
How Adolf Hitler Became Chancellor of Germany
Although Hitler attempted to take over Germany by a coup in 1923, he failed miserably. However, through crafty political maneuvering and a strong support of the populace, Adolf Hitler was able to come to power in Germany through legal means. On January 30, 1933, President Paul von Hindenberg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany.
Concentration and Death Camps Chart
A chart of death and concentration camps established by Nazis during World War II.
A Visual Collection of Holocaust History
Links to pictures of the Holocaust, including of concentration camps, ghettos,displaced persons,killing squads,Hitler, and other Nazi officials.
The 5 Most Heinous Crimes of Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq from 1979 until 2003, has gained domestic and international notoriety for torturing and murdering thousands of his own people. These are five of Saddam Hussein's most heinous crimes.
How Did the Empire State Building Get Built?
When the Empire State Building opened on May 1, 1931, it was the tallest building in the world. How did this gigantic icon get built? It started with a race to the sky.
Madam C.J. Walker, America's First Female,...
Madam C.J. Walker was truly a remarkable woman. She started out life as a child of slaves, was orphaned at age 7, married at age 14, a mother by age 17, and then a widow by age 20. She then spent 18 years as a laundress before starting her own hair-care business that grew exponentially, ultimately making her the first female, self-made millionaire.
How Anne Frank Became One of the Most Inspiring...
During the two years and one month that Anne Frank spent hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam during World War II, she kept a diary of her experiences. Learn more about the girl behind the diary.
Here's a Timeline of Major Conflicts and Wars...
A chronological list of the major wars and conflicts of the 20th century.
Who Was Jesse Owens?
Jesse Owens didn't start out athletic; he actually was a sickly child. But by the age of 22, Jesse Owens, the grandson of slaves, had won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin. Learn more about Jesse Owens.
A Profile of Benito Mussolini, Fascist Dictator...
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, leader of the fascists, gained power during his March on Rome in 1922. His country had many years of peace until Mussolini's ego got the better of him, leading Mussolini to join forces with Hitler. After a number of defeats during World War II, Mussolini lost favor with his countrymen. Mussolini was executed by partisans in 1945.
Everything You Need to Know About Nicholas II,...
Nicholas II was the last czar of Russia. Thrust into the position of czar with no real training, Nicholas made mistake after mistake. Nicholas' inflexibility and seeming disinterest in his own people, pushed Russia into both a revolution and a civil war. In the end, Nicholas was forced to abdicate, ending the monarchy in Russia.
Dorothy Dandridge
Dorothy Dandridge was incredibly beautiful and talented and yet was stunted by the racism of the age she lived in. She became famous after starring in the movie Carmen Jones (1954), earning her the first nomination of an African-American woman for the Best Actress Oscar at the Academy Awards . She appeared in other films but both her personal and professional life went downhill after this and she ultimately died of an overdose at age 42.
The 10 Most Influential Scientists of the 20th...
Scientists had a profound impact on the 20th century. Their discoveries changed how we viewed both ourselves and our surroundings. Learn more about these famous scientists as well and their discoveries in this list of the ten most influential scientists of the 20th century.
What Did Auschwitz Look Like?
A large collection of pictures of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
A Profile of Henry Ford, Founder of the Ford...
The life of the pioneering automobile manufacturer, who designed the Model T for the masses, and introduced the mechanized assembly line.
What Was the First Nazi Conentration Camp?
The very first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, was opened just weeks after Adolf Hitler become chancellor of Germany in 1933. Find out why the Dachau Concentration Camp was built and what made it unique.
The Life of Babe Ruth, the Home Run King
Babe Ruth is often referred to as the greatest baseball player who ever lived. In 22 seasons, Babe Ruth hit a record 714 home runs. Many of Babe Ruth's numerous records for both pitching and hitting lasted for decades. Learn more about one of the most famous athletes of all time.
The Incredible True Story of the Very First...
Though the concept of credit has existed longer even than money, it wasn't until 1950 that the modern credit card was invented.
How Chewing Gum Got Invented
Chewing gum has a history that spans as far back as the ancient Greeks; however, bubble gum, a type of chewing gum that allows the chewer to make bubbles, has a much more recent history. Find out who invented bubble gum and why it has that pink color.
Jim Jones and Jonestown Suicides
Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, was both charismatic and disturbed. Jones had a vision for a better world and established the Peoples Temple to help make that happen. Unfortunately, his unstable personality eventually overcame him and he became responsible for the deaths of over 900 people.
Who Was Dr. Seuss?
Theodor Seuss Geisel, who wrote using the pseudonym Dr. Seuss, was a shy man with no kids of his own. However, his zany characters and silly, rhyming words have captured the hearts and minds of millions of children around the world. Best known for his children's book, The Cat in the Hat, Dr. Seuss has become one of the most popular children's authors of all time.
The Unhappy History that Led to the Russian...
The Russian Revolution had roots that went back decades. It began with an unhappy people and ended with a weak-minded leader. Follow the history of the Russian people as they turned their anger into revolution.
Everything You Need to Know About Helen Keller
Helen Keller was just like any other young child until she came down with a nearly fatal disease at the age of 19 months. Although she survived the illness, it left her both deaf and blind. She was able to escape a life of loneliness and despair only because her teacher, Annie Sullivan, taught her how to communicate. Learn more about the life of Helen Keller and the many obstacles she faced.
What Did Hitler Say in Mein Kampf?
Mein Kampf, which means My Struggle, was a two-volume book written by Adolf Hitler during and right after his stay in Landsberg prison. In this book, Hitler lambasts Jews and the current German government and outlines his plans for the future. Learn more about Mein Kampf.
Meet Yuri Gagarin, the First Man in Space
On board Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made history on April 12, 1961 when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth.
How Did the Charleston Dance Get So Popular?
The Charleston dance became popular after appearing along with the song,
Sir Winston Churchill's Life, Career, and...
Sir Winston Churchill was truly an amazing man. Although most well known for leading the United Kingdom through WWII as prime minister, Churchill was also an awesome orator and prolific writer.
Iqbal Masih
Iqbal Masih was a young Pakistani boy who was forced into bonded labor at age four. After being freed at age ten, Iqbal became an activist against bonded child labor. He became a martyr for his cause when he was murdered at age 12.
Everything You Need to Know About the First...
A newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred Nobel which called him the merchant of death. Not wanting to go down in history with such a horrible epitaph, Nobel created a will that shocked his relatives but established the Nobel Prizes.
How the 'War of the Worlds' on the Radio Caused...
On October 30, 1938, millions of radio listeners were shocked to hear news of an attack by Martians - actually just Orson Welles' adaptation of a novel.
The Nuremberg Laws of 1935
On September 15, 1935, the Nazis announced two new laws that removed citizenship from Jews and forbade them from marrying or having sex with non-Jews.
Who Was Saddam Hussein?
A profile of Saddam Hussein, the ruthless dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003.
King Edward VIII Abdicated for Love
King Edward was in love with Mrs. Wallis Simpson, not only an American, but also a married woman already once divorced. Yet, in order to marry the woman he loved, King Edward was willing to give up the British throne - and he did.
What Do You Know About Elvis?
The life of the 20th century cultural icon, sexy singer and charismatic actor who made 33 movies, and sold more than a billion records. Page 1 of 2.
How Did James Dean Die?
Movie star James Dean was driving his new Porsche 550 Spyder when he hit another car nearly head-on, and died at age 24. A look at who he was.
You Should Know How Important the Zimmermann...
The Zimmermann Telegram was a coded message sent from German Foreign Minister Arthur Zimmermann to Germany's ambassador in Mexico in January 1917. Once the Zimmermann Telegram was intercepted and decoded by the British, the contents were leaked to the U.S. and helped change the tide of American public opinion and brought the U.S. into World War I.
History of the Yellow Star
The yellow star, inscribed with the word Jude, has become a symbol of Nazi persecution. Discover the history of the badge and learn how the visual labeling of Jews led to organized persecution.
The War is Over . . . Please Come Out
Unaware that World War II had ended, Lt. Hiroo Onoda of the Japanese army spent 30 years hiding on remote Philippine island Lubang. Page 1 of 2.
An Amazing Finding in China: A Life-Sized...
On March 29, 1974, three farmers stumbled upon one of the greatest archaeological finds of the twentieth century - the discovery of Qin Shihuangdi's ancient terracotta army.
Amelia Earhart
Amelia Earhart was the first woman to ever fly across the Atlantic Ocean and then also became the first woman to fly solo across it. Her fate remains one of the century's greatest mysteries after she disappeared in 1937 while trying to become the first woman to fly around the world.
Who Was Joe Louis?
Famous American black boxer Joe Louis was the World Heavyweight Champion from 1937 to 1949, the longest ever before or since.
How Did Robert Ballard Find the Sunken Titanic?
The Titanic, a huge ocean-liner that had sunk in 1912, remained lost at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean for 73 years. Robert Ballard found it in 1985.
The Number of Jews Killed During the Holocaust...
A chart showing the number of Jews who died in each country during the Holocaust
The Remarkable Story of How the Chunnel Was Built
The Channel Tunnel, often called the Chunnel, is a railway tunnel that lies underneath the water of the English Channel and connects the island of Great Britain with mainland France. The Channel Tunnel, completed in 1994, is considered one of the most amazing engineering feats of the 20th century.
Who Were the Youngest and Oldest US Presidents?
A list of the U.S. Presidents from the youngest when they took office (number 1 was Theodore Roosevelt) to the oldest

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