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20th Century History: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
10 Surprising Facts About the Titanic
You may already know that the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on the night of April 14, 1912 and sunk just over two-and-a-half hours later, but do you know the following ten facts about the Titanic?
34 Facts About Nazi Leader Adolf Hitler
A listing of 34 interesting facts about Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Through these Hitler Facts find out more about the man who many consider to have been one of the most evil people in the world.
The 1960s at a Glance
A detailed history timeline of the 1960s, from 1960 to 1969.
Are We at Risk For Another Great Depression?
The Great Depression struck the United States with surprising force. It began on October 29, 1929 with the Stock Market Crash and only ended after over a decade of hardship and suffering. Learn more about what caused the Great Depression, what life was like during it, and how it ended.
A Timeline of the 20th Century
Browse through this history timeline of the 20th century to examine each decade within this amazing century.
What Everyone Should Know About the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism.
33 Facts You Should Know About the Holocaust
How many people were killed in the Holocaust? What does the word Shoah mean? What was the largest Nazi concentration camp? Learn the answers to these questions plus much more through these 33 Holocaust facts that everyone should know.
1950s Events You Should Know About
A detailed history timeline of the 1950s, from 1950 to 1959.
1990s Events You Should Know About
A detailed history timeline of the 1990s, from 1990 to 1999.
1900s Events You Should Know About
A detailed history timeline of the first decade of the twentieth century, from 1900 to 1909.
1970s Events that You Need to Know
A detailed history timeline of the 1970s, from 1970 to 1979.
Know These Important Events from the 1980s
A detailed timeline of historical events in the 1980s, from 1980 to 1989.
An A to Z List of the Most Famous People of the...
Links to biographies of some of the most famous and important people that shaped the 20th century. Page 2 of an alphabetical listing. (L to X)
History Basics: What Everyone Should Know About...
World War I (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths.
1930s Events You Should Know
A detailed timeline of the major historical events in the 1930s, from 1930 to 1939.
Must Know Events that Occured in the 1920s
A detailed history timeline of the roaring '20s, from 1920 to 1929.
A Profile of Mother Teresa, the Saint of the...
Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Catholic order of nuns dedicated to helping the poor. She was born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. Page 1 of 2.
10 Things You Didn't Know About Albert Einstein
Most people know that Albert Einstein was a famous scientist who came up with the formula E=mc2. But do you know these ten things about this genius?
Why Did the United States Bomb Hiroshima and...
On August 6, 1945, the United States used its massive, atomic weapon against Hiroshima, Japan. This atomic bomb, the equivalent of 20,000 tons of TNT, flattened the city, killing tens of thousands of civilians. While Japan was still trying to comprehend this devastation three days later, the United States struck again, this time, on Nagasaki.
Who Was Gandhi, and How Did He Change History?
Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the Indian independence movement, spent 20 years in South Africa working to fight discrimination and then returned to India.He spent his remaining years working diligently to both remove British rule from India as well as to better the lives of India's poorest classes.
Brief History of the 1940s
A detailed timeline of the major historical events of the 1940s, from 1940 to 1949.
What Happened at the Groovy Woodstock Festival...
From August 15-18, 1969, 500,000 young people from across the US converged on Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel,NY for a concert that made history.
The Sorrowful Story of The Jonestown Massacre
The Jonestown Massacre shocked the world. On November 18, 1978, Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, instructed his followers to commit revolutionary suicide. After an attack on a U.S. Congressman, the group drank poisoned punch. Learn more about Jim Jones, the Peoples Temple, and what drove these people to mass suicide at Jonestown.
All About the Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall
From August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall separated communist East Berlin from West Berlin. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War. Learn more about the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall.
What Is the History of the Swastika?
The history of the swastika spans 3,000 years. Does this symbol represent good or evil?
How Was Penicillin Discovered?
In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming made a chance discovery. From a contaminated experiment, he found a powerful antibiotic, penicillin.
A Profile of Convicted Serial Killer Charles...
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Albert Einstein: The Scientific Genius Who...
As a 26-year-old patent clerk, Albert Einstein revolutionized science in 1905 when he published five new theories, including the theory of relativity. Although it took several years for the scientific community to recognize Einstein's genius, he eventually became the most famous scientist of the twentieth century.
A Clear Timeline of WWI
World War I (WWI) was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this WWI timeline.
All You Need to Know About the Prohibition
Prohibition was the period in United States history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors was outlawed. It was a time characterized by speakeasies, glamour, and gangsters and a period of time in which even the average citizen broke the law.
How Was King Tut's Tomb Discovered?
In November 1922, Howard Carter discovered not just an unknown ancient Egyptian tomb, but one that had lain nearly undisturbed for over 3,000 years. What lay within King Tut's tomb astounded the world.
100 Famous African-American Men and Women of...
African-American men and women have made great contributions to American society throughout the 20th century. In this article, you will find a listing of 100 African Americans who truly achieved greatness by either advancing civil rights or making major impacts in science, government, sports, or entertainment.
Who Murdered Rasputin?
To save the monarchy, several members of the Russian aristocracy attempted to murder Rasputin. On the night of December 16-17, 1916, they tried to kill the holy man. The plan was simple. Yet on that fateful night, the conspirators found that Rasputin would be very difficult to kill.
Who Were the First People to Reach the Top of...
New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay reached the top of Mount Everest, the highest mountain in the world, at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953.
What Happened in the 1910s?
A list of events in world history in the decade from 1910 to 1919.
The New, Modern Woman: The Flapper
In the 1920s, a new woman was born. She smoked, drank, danced, and voted. She cut her hair, wore make-up, and went to petting parties. She was giddy and took risks. She was a flapper.
A Short History of the Rwanda Genocide
Beginning on April 6, 1994, Hutus began slaughtering the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda. As the brutal killings continued, the world stood idly by and just watched the slaughter. Lasting 100 days, the Rwanda genocide left approximately 800,000 Tutsis and Hutu sympathizers dead.
The Truth About Martin Luther King, Jr.'s...
At 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, a shot rang out. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who had been standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN, now lay sprawled on the balcony's floor. What happened that evening?
A History of Mengele's Gruesome Experiments on...
Josef Mengele's favorite experiments at Auschwitz were on twins. What did he do and why?
A Timeline of the Major Events of World War I
World War 1 was sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914 and ended with the Treaty of Versailles in 1919. Find out what happened in between these momentous events in this World War 1 timeline.
The Sad Story of a Woman Responsible for...
Typhoid Mary had no idea that she was infected with the disease yet her work as a cook infected many. Find out all about Typhoid Mary and why authorities had a difficult time capturing Mary.
Why Was There So Much Trench Warfare in World...
In World War I, many soldiers were forced to fight in trenches, with horrible conditions such as mud, water, blood, gore, rats, artillery, and more. Find out details about what life in the trenches was like and how trenches were constructed.
What Caused the Stock Market Crash of 1929?
After a boom on the stock market that enticed many everyday people to invest their entire savings, the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929.
A Biography of Adolf Hitler
Known as one of the most evil people in history, Adolf Hitler was responsible for World War II and the Holocaust. Learn more about Hitler through this biography.
How Neil Armstrong Became the First Man on the...
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the very first man to walk on the moon. Learn more about the amazing Apollo 11 mission that sent the first man to the moon.
What Happened During the 1917 Russian...
The Russian Revolution of 1917 changed not only the future of Russia but of the entire world. It toppled a monarchy and brought about the first communist country in the world. Follow the drama of both the February and October Revolutions.
Columbine Massacre
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more.
16 Cool Facts About the Empire State Building
Ever wondered how many stairs are in the Empire State Building? Or how many windows there are? Find out the answers to these questions plus learn a lot more interesting Empire State Building facts.
Check Out These Resources About the Holocaust
Whether you are just beginning to learn about the Holocaust or you are looking for more in-depth stories about the subject, this page is for you. You will find basics such as a timeline, a glossary, a map, and pictures plus more in-depth articles on such topics as the yellow star, ghettos, camps, resistance, and much more.
Bonnie and Clyde's Fascinating Tale
From 1932 to 1934, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, mostly commonly known just as Bonnie and Clyde, were a young couple who went on a two-year crime rampage that included bank robberies, car theft, and murder. Their lives and their crime spree ended abruptly when police succeeded in ambushing them; Bonnie and Clyde died in their car from multiple gunshot wounds on May 23, 1934.
See Images of Adolf Hitler, History's Monster
A large collection of pictures of Hitler, including pictures of Hitler giving the Nazi salute, as a soldier in World War I, official portraits, standing with other Nazi officials, wielding an axe, attending Nazi Party rallies, and much more.
Facts You Should Know About the Attack on Pearl...
On the morning of December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise air attack on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor. After just two hours of bombing, more than 2,400 Americans were dead, 21 ships had either been sunk or damaged, and more than 188 U.S. aircraft destroyed. Find out more about the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Who Was the World's First Test-Tube Baby?
On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world's first successful test-tube baby was born. Though the technology that made her conception possible was heralded as a triumph, it also caused many to consider the possibilities of future ill-use.
A Visual Collection of Holocaust History
Links to pictures of the Holocaust, including of concentration camps, ghettos,displaced persons,killing squads,Hitler, and other Nazi officials.
A Profile of the Prince of Pop, Andy Warhol
One of the most important artists of pop art, which became extremely popular in the second half of the twentieth century. Though he is best remembered for his paintings of Campbell's soup cans, he also created hundreds of other works including commercial advertisements and films.
A Closer Look at the Holocaust's Most Famous...
The history of the death camp where the Nazis killed 1.1 million people - where it was located and when, gas chambers,medical experiments,liberation, etc.
A Complete List of All United States Presidents
A list of the U.S. presidents, starting with George Washington (1789-1797) and going chronologically.
Must-Know Facts About the Japanese Attack on...
Finding out the basics facts about Pearl Harbor can often be troublesome. Hopefully you will find what you are looking for here for this collection of Pearl Harbor facts should prove both informational and interesting.
The Star Spangled Banner
On March 3, 1931, U.S. President Herbert Hoover signed an act that officially made "The Star Spangled
The Day a Plane Crashed Into the Empire State...
At 9:49 a.m. on Saturday, July 28, 1945, a B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building. Find out why the bomber crashed and what happened to the Empire State Building.
The War is Over . . . Please Come Out
Unaware that World War II had ended, Lt. Hiroo Onoda of the Japanese army spent 30 years hiding on remote Philippine island Lubang. Page 1 of 2.
Visual Guide to the Great Depression
Links to a large compilation of pictures of dust storms, farm foreclosures, migrant workers, unemployed, breadlines, soup kitchens, etc.
The Mona Lisa Was Stolen!
It was unbelievable -- someone stole the most famous painting in the world. Follow this two year long caper that shocked the world.
What Happened When the Titanic Sank?
On the night of April 14, 1912, the luxurious ocean liner Titanic hit an iceberg. Just over two hours later, the Titanic sank, losing 1,517 lives. Find out the full story of the sinking of the Titanic.
Where Were Nazi Concentration Camps Located?
A Holocaust map of Eastern Europe showing the locations of Nazi death and concentration camps.
Learn About the 1918 Pandemic That Killed...
In three waves, the Spanish flu spread quickly, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people around the world.
How Did World War 2 Begin?
No one wanted war. Yet, when Germany attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, other European countries felt they had to act. The result was six long years of World War II. Learn more about what led to Germany's aggression and how other countries reacted.
How Did the Olympic Games Evolve Over Time?
After 1500 years with no Olympics, the modern Olympic Games were established. Learn how and why the Games began again.
Muhammad Ali: Who Is This Famous Boxer?
Muhammad Ali is considered by many to be the greatest boxer of all time. Ali was the first to win the heavyweight champion title three times and is known for his witty phrases like 'Float like a butterfly, sting like a bee.' Learn more about the life of Muhammad Ali and his struggle with Parkinson's.
A Timeline of the Russian Revolution's Major...
Follow the events of the Russian Revolution of 1917 as they unfolded in this timeline of the Russian Revolution.
From Peasant to Revolutionary, the Life of...
Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who advocated for the poor and wanted agrarian reform. Though he was a killer, a bandit, and a revolutionary leader, many remember him as a folk hero.
Words to Start a War: Read Churchill's 'Iron...
On March 5, 1946, Winston Churchill spoke at a small college in Fulton, Missouri. This famous speech, officially called The Sinews of Peace but more commonly called the Iron Curtain speech, described the split of Europe into democratic and Communist spheres.
The 5 Most Heinous Crimes of Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein, the president of Iraq from 1979 until 2003, has gained domestic and international notoriety for torturing and murdering thousands of his own people. These are five of Saddam Hussein's most heinous crimes.
How Did James Dean Die?
Movie star James Dean was driving his new Porsche 550 Spyder when he hit another car nearly head-on, and died at age 24. A look at who he was.
Is the Hope Diamond Really Cursed?
According to the legend, a curse befell the large, blue diamond when it was stolen from an idol in India - a curse that foretold bad luck and death not only for the owner of the diamond but for all who touched it. Is there really a curse? Where has the Hope diamond been? Why was such a valuable gem donated to the Smithsonian?
How Did the Empire State Building Get Built?
When the Empire State Building opened on May 1, 1931, it was the tallest building in the world. How did this gigantic icon get built? It started with a race to the sky.
A Timeline of the Most Important Events of the...
A timeline from 1858 to 1982 that looks at the origins, major events, and aftermath of the Vietnam War.
How Did the Oreo Get its Name?
Since Oreo cookies debuted in 1912, over 362 billion have been sold, making them the best-selling cookie in the United States.
What Is the Balfour Declaration?
The history and complete text of the 1917 Balfour Declaration, which declared that the British favored a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
All About the 18th Amendment
The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. Here is the complete text of the 18th Amendment.
How Did the Peace Symbol Get Invented?
The peace symbol, the circle with three lines within it, was originally designed in 1958 by British artist Gerald Holtom. Learn more about the history of the peace symbol.
Why Was The Sinking of The Lusitania Important?
On May 7, 1915, the British passenger ship, the Lusitania, was sunk by a German U-boat. The high death toll shocked the world and the loss of American citizens swayed public opinion in the United States in favor of joining World War I.
The Very First Flight Lasted 12 Seconds - Find...
On December 17, 1903, the Wright Brothers made the very first flight of an airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Find out more about the Wright Brothers, how they made the Flyer, and what happened on that historic day.
What Happened During the Munich Massacre?
The Munich Massacre was a terrorist attack during the 1972 Olympic Games. Eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team and then took nine others hostage. The situation was ended by a huge gunfight that left five of the terrorists and all of the nine hostages dead.
What Happened During the Boxer Rebellion?
In 1900, a group known as the Boxers murdered thousands of foreigners, especially missionaries, in an attempt to rid China of all foreign influence.
The Life and Crimes of Al Capone, Iconic...
Al Capone was a notorious gangster who ran an organized crime syndicate in Chicago during the 1920s. Capone, who was both charming and charitable as well as powerful and vicious, became an iconic figure of the successful American gangster. Find out more about this fascinating man in this biography of Al Capone.
How Henry Ford's Assembly Line Changed...
On December 1, 1913, Henry Ford introduced the first automobile assembly line at his Highland Park plant in Michigan. The assembly line significantly shortened the production process, thus enabling Ford to make his Model T cheap enough to become the car for the masses.
The Complete History of World War I
World War 1 (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with some 10 million military deaths, little ground lost or won, fought mostly by soldiers in trenches.
How Did Laika Wind Up Being the First Animal in...
At the very beginning of the space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, the Soviets successfully launched Sputnik 2 with Laika the dog on board. Laika became the very first living creature to enter orbit. Learn more about this cute, little dog's journey and how she paved the way for human space exploration.
How Was President McKinley Assassinated?
At 4:07 p.m. on September 6, 1901, Leon Czolgosz shot U.S. President William McKinley twice. Although many expected the President to recover after having emergency surgery, President McKinley died at 2:15 a.m. on September 14, 1901 from gangrene.
What Happened in World War 2?
World War 2 (WW2) was a long and bloody war that lasted for six years. Officially beginning on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland, World War 2 lasted until both the Germans and the Japanese had surrendered to the Allies in 1945. Find out what happened in this timeline of World War 2.
Who Was Saddam Hussein?
A profile of Saddam Hussein, the ruthless dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003.
Here's a Timeline of Major Conflicts and Wars...
A chronological list of the major wars and conflicts of the 20th century.
King Edward VIII Abdicated for Love
King Edward was in love with Mrs. Wallis Simpson, not only an American, but also a married woman already once divorced. Yet, in order to marry the woman he loved, King Edward was willing to give up the British throne - and he did.
The 10 Most Influential Scientists of the 20th...
Scientists had a profound impact on the 20th century. Their discoveries changed how we viewed both ourselves and our surroundings. Learn more about these famous scientists as well and their discoveries in this list of the ten most influential scientists of the 20th century.
The Fascinating History of Color TV That You...
On June 25, 1951, CBS broadcast the very first commercial color TV program. The problem, however, was that nearly no one could watch it on their black-and-white televisions.
Meet Yuri Gagarin, the First Man in Space
On board Vostok 1, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin made history on April 12, 1961 when he became both the first person in the world to enter space and the first person to orbit the Earth.
A Deadly Fire That Led to New Building Codes in...
The fire at the New York City factory on March 25, 1911 killed 146 workers, exposed the dangerous conditions, and prompted the creation of new laws.
What Did Auschwitz Look Like?
A large collection of pictures of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
How the 'War of the Worlds' on the Radio Caused...
On October 30, 1938, millions of radio listeners were shocked to hear news of an attack by Martians - actually just Orson Welles' adaptation of a novel.
Everything You Need to Know About the First...
A newspaper mistakenly ran an obituary for Alfred Nobel which called him the merchant of death. Not wanting to go down in history with such a horrible epitaph, Nobel created a will that shocked his relatives but established the Nobel Prizes.
Jim Jones and Jonestown Suicides
Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, was both charismatic and disturbed. Jones had a vision for a better world and established the Peoples Temple to help make that happen. Unfortunately, his unstable personality eventually overcame him and he became responsible for the deaths of over 900 people.
You Should Know About the 1939 Agreement...
Details of the pact signed in 1939 between Hitler and Stalin that enabled a one-front war when Germany started World War II.
How Did Hitler Kill Himself?
The final days of the German dictator in his underground bunker, leading up to his suicide on April 30 by swallowing cyanide and shooting himself in the head.
What You Need to Know About the Treaty That...
The Versailles Treaty was the peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I. However, the conditions in the treaty were so punitive upon Germany that many believe the Versailles Treaty laid the groundwork for the eventual rise of Nazis in Germany and the eruption of World War II.
How Did Walt Disney Get the Idea for Disneyland?
On July 17, 1955, Disneyland opened. Children and adults alike were able to enter the magical land and leave their problems behind while they enjoyed rides and shows in Adventureland, Fantasyland, Frontierland, and Tomorrowland.
What Happened the Day Rosa Parks Refused to...
Rosa Parks was on her way home from work on December 1, 1955 when the bus driver asked her to give up her seat for a new white passenger. Rosa Parks refused. Rosa Parks' refusal to give up her seat sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and is considered the beginning of the modern Civil Rights Movement.
Who Were the Youngest and Oldest US Presidents?
A list of the U.S. Presidents from the youngest when they took office (number 1 was Theodore Roosevelt) to the oldest
Sir Winston Churchill's Life, Career, and...
The life and careers of Sir Winston Churchill, two-time Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, inspirational leader of his nation during World War II. Page 1 of 2.
How Chewing Gum Got Invented
Chewing gum has a history that spans as far back as the ancient Greeks; however, bubble gum, a type of chewing gum that allows the chewer to make bubbles, has a much more recent history. Find out who invented bubble gum and why it has that pink color.
Read FDR's Famous 'Day of Infamy' Speech
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Queen Victoria Dies
On January 22, 1901, Queen Victoria died, ending the longest reign of any British monarch and signaling the end of the Victorian Era. Find out more about her death and her funeral.
The War is Over . . . Please Come Out (Page 2)
Unaware that World War II had ended, Lt. Hiroo Onoda of the Japanese army spent 30 years hiding on the remote Philippine island of Lubang. After years of living in a jungle surviving on coconuts and bananas, Onoda finally surrendered in 1974. Page 2.
5 Things You Probably Don't Know About Anne Frank
You have read her diary and you know her story. But do you know these five things about Anne Frank and her diary?
Read Bonnie Parker's Poem 'The Story of Bonnie...
Bonnie Parker wrote two poems while she and Clyde Barrow were on the run from the law. This poem, the Story of Bonnie and Clyde, was the second of the two. It was written by Bonnie while she and Clyde were running from the law. Bonnie gave a copy of the poem to her mother just weeks before she and Clyde were gunned down.
What Was the Fatty Arbuckle Scandal?
In 1921, Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle was arrested and tried for the murder of a young starlet named Virginia Rappe. The public was against him but the jurors could find no evidence. Find out more about this Hollywood scandal.
A Profile of Henry Ford, Founder of the Ford...
The life of the pioneering automobile manufacturer, who designed the Model T for the masses, and introduced the mechanized assembly line.
Columbine Massacre (Part 2)
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School during the middle of the school day. Shooting guns and throwing bombs, the two boys killed twelve students and one teacher and injured many more. Page 2.
Eichmann Trial
After being found and captured in Argentina, Nazi leader Adolf Eichmann, known as the architect of the Final Solution, was put on trial in Israel in 1961. Eichmann was found guilty and sentenced to death. At midnight between May 31 and June 1, 1962, Eichmann was executed by hanging. Learn more about the capture of Eichmann and the Eichmann Trial.
The Incredible True Story of the Very First...
Though the concept of credit has existed longer even than money, it wasn't until 1950 that the modern credit card was invented.
Everything You Need to Know About Nicholas II,...
Nicholas II was the last czar of Russia. Thrust into the position of czar with no real training, Nicholas made mistake after mistake. Nicholas' inflexibility and seeming disinterest in his own people, pushed Russia into both a revolution and a civil war. In the end, Nicholas was forced to abdicate, ending the monarchy in Russia.
Did You Used to Play with LEGOs?
For over half a century, the small, plastic bricks known as LEGO have sparked the imagination of children around the world. Discover the history of LEGO toys.
A Timeline of the Titanic's First -- and Last...
A timeline of the fateful voyage of the RMS Titanic, including dates about the Titanic's construction and its sinking in 1912.
When Did the First Playboy Magazine Go to Print?
The history of the first issue of Playboy Magazine, which featured Marilyn Monroe.
Thomas Edison
Thomas Alva Edison, one of the most famous inventors in history, is best known as the inventor of the light bulb, the phonograph, and motion pictures. Learn more about Thomas Edison's life as well as a few of his 1,093 patents.
John D. Rockefeller
Although he started with humble beginnings, John D. Rockefeller used his keen business sense to found Standard Oil Company, in turn making him one of the wealthiest men in the world. Later in life, Rockefeller gave away much of his wealth by creating foundations and funding charities. Learn more about the life of oil magnate and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller.
How Adolf Hitler Became Chancellor of Germany
Although Hitler attempted to take over Germany by a coup in 1923, he failed miserably. However, through crafty political maneuvering and a strong support of the populace, Adolf Hitler was able to come to power in Germany through legal means. On January 30, 1933, President Paul von Hindenberg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany.
How Did Stalin Build His Cult of Personality?
No one was prepared for the brutality that accompanied Stalin's first Five Year Plan, which began in 1928. In an attempt to reorganize industry and agriculture, Stalin's cruel tactics killed millions of his own people. Page 6.
How Anne Frank Became One of the Most Inspiring...
During the two years and one month that Anne Frank spent hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam during World War II, she kept a diary of her experiences. Learn more about the girl behind the diary.
1901 - First Nobel Prizes Awarded
On December 10, 1901, the first five Nobel Prizes were awarded.
What Happened at Chernobyl?
On April 26th, 1986, reactor four at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant exploded, releasing massive amounts of radiation into the environment.
Find Out About the Life and Activism of Malcolm X
Malcolm X was a controversial figure during the Civil Rights era. While he advocated for black pride, he also believed in the inherent evil of the white man. Malcolm X didn't believe in integration, which was the goal of the mainstream Civil Rights Movement; instead, he advocated for a separate black community. Find out more about the life of Malcolm X, including how he transitioned from being a criminal in prison to a nationally recognized advocate for the black community.
Why Did the St. Valentines Day Massacre Occur?
On the morning of St. Valentine's Day in 1929, seven men were gunned down in cold blood in a garage in Chicago. The massacre, orchestrated by Al Capone, shocked the nation by its brutality and made Capone a national celebrity.
Walt Disney
Walt Disney was a cartoonist, innovator, and an entrepreneur who created some of the most beloved characters of the 20th century, the world's first theme park, and one of the largest entertainment companies in the world.
Sigmund Freud
Sigmund Freud is best known as the father of psychoanalysis. Freud believed that patients could talk via free association to reveal the innermost thoughts of their unconscious mind. Learn more about Freud and his work through this biography.
The Remarkable Story of How the Chunnel Was Built
The Channel Tunnel, often called the Chunnel, is a railway tunnel that lies underneath the water of the English Channel and connects the island of Great Britain with mainland France. The Channel Tunnel, completed in 1994, is considered one of the most amazing engineering feats of the 20th century.
Find Out Why the Great Smog of 1952 Kickstarted...
A thick fog engulfed London from December 5 to 9, 1952, mixing with black smoke emitted from homes and factories to create a deadly smog that killed 12,000 people
Find Out Why this Gas Leak Was One of the Worst...
During the night of December 2-3, 1984, a storage tank containing methyl isocyanate (MIC) at the Union Carbide pesticide plant leaked gas into the densely populated city of Bhopal, India. It was one of the worst industrial accidents in history.
The Life and Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt
President Franklin D. Roosevelt led the United States during both the Great Depression and World War II. Paralyzed from the waist down after suffering a bout of polio, Roosevelt overcame his disability and was elected President of the United States an unprecedented four times.
A Profile of Pol Pot, Leader of the Khmer Rouge
From 1975 to 1979, Pol Pot, as the leader of the Khmer Rouge, was the dictator of Cambodia. During these five years, Pol Pot attempted to transform Cambodia into an agrarian utopia; however, in attempting to do this, Pol Pot was responsible for creating the Cambodian Genocide, which saw the deaths of an estimated 1.5 million people.
1900 - Max Planck Formulates Quantum Theory
In 1900, German theoretical physicist Max Planck (1858-1947) discovered an equation that explained the surprising results that other scientists had found when heating black bodies. To create the equation, Planck discovered that energy is distributed in quanta, creating the beginnings of quantum physics.
A Profile of the Victoria, the Girl Who Would...
Queen Victoria ruled over the United Kingdom for nearly 64 years (1837-1901), making her the longest-ruling British monarch in history.
Find Out How Silly Putty Was Accidentally...
Though invented in 1943 by James Wright, Silly Putty was not placed onto the market as a toy until Peter Hodgson packaged the goo in plastic eggs and sold them in 1950. Learn the history of the accidental invention and surprising marketing of one of the most popular toys of the 20th century.
Profile of Model, Actress, and Sex Symbol,...
The life of the neglected girl who became a model, pinup girl, actress, and a major movie star, before dying at age 36.
What Was the First Nazi Conentration Camp?
The very first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, was opened just weeks after Adolf Hitler become chancellor of Germany in 1933. Find out why the Dachau Concentration Camp was built and what made it unique.
Who Was Behind the 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing?
At 9:02 a.m. on April 19, 1995, a large bomb decimated the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.
The Real History of Elvis's Hip-Gyrating...
On September 9, 1956, Elvis made his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show. Although this was not Elvis' first national television appearance, it did help to make Elvis a household name.
How Important Was Mikhail Gorbachev?
Mikhail Gorbachev was the last General Secretary of the Soviet Union. He brought about massive economic, social, and political changes and helped bring an end to both the Soviet Union and the Cold War. Learn more about this amazing man through this biography.
A Profile of Innovative Inventor Nikola Tesla
Tesla was one of the most important inventors of the 20th century. Not only did he discover alternating current, which led to the current type of power supplied today, Tesla's inventions form a foundation for a multitude of everyday items still found in today's society. Learn more about this amazing inventor in this short biography of Nikola Tesla.
Discovery of the Titanic Shipwreck
The Titanic, a huge ocean-liner that had sunk in 1912, remained lost at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean for 73 years. Robert Ballard found it in 1985.
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